Tag Archives: Augustine of Hippo

#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

Augustine tells us how music should be composed and appreciated, as well as letting us know his favorite hymn. Synesius of Cyrene, Sedulius, Mesrop Mashtots and Maruthas of Martyropolis give us examples of music appreciated by Christians both inside and outside the Roman Empire.

Links:
Image of hymn A solis ortus cardine.

Article on Augustine’s Musical thought

Ambrose’ Deus Creator Omnium in English

Hymns of Synesius in English
Audio of hymn ascribed to Synesius

About Sedulius

Hymns of Sedulius in Latin and in English/Latin and here

Sedulius’ “A solils ortus cardine” in Gregorian chant

Ktsurds by Mesrop Mashtots – in English

Audio of hymn by Mesrop Mashtots

The English translation to Maruthas of Martyroplis’ hymn Onyatha d-Sahde can be found here

Audio of hymn Onyatha d-Sahde ascribed to Maruthas of Martyropolis

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#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

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#462 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Poetry of Eudocia

The poetry of Empress Eudocia and Paulinus of Nola revealed the tensions that existed in a culture that both praised and rejected the literary works of the past – those of Homer and Virgil. For Eudocia and Paulinus, the examples of the great pagan poets of yesterday could be used to praise Christ in the Roman Empire of their present.

Links:
Icon of Saint Eudocia.

Cătălina Mărmureanu, Gianina Cernescu, Laura Lixandru, Early Christian Women Writiers: The Interesting Lives and Works of Faltonia Betitia Proba and Athenais-Eudocia, Bucharest 2008.

Brian Sowers, Eudocia: The Making of a Homeric Christian

Poetry of Paulinus of Nola [in Latin]

English translations of some of Paulinus’ poetry can be found in this text.

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#462 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Poetry of Eudocia

#452 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tome of Leo

Pope Leo I of Rome assembles a text presenting the Christology of the West in the hopes of putting an end to the controversy once and for all. However, in the East, Pope Dioscorus of Alexandria has his own plans.

Links:
Photo of Statue of Pope Leo I taken by Mattana

Selections from Tertullian on Christology

Tome of Leo

Barclift, Philip L. “The Shifting Tones of Pope Leo the Great’s Christological Vocabulary.” Church History 66, no. 2 (1997): 221-39.

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#452 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tome of Leo

#437 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Oncoming Storm

Challenges face the Church in both the Western and Eastern halves of the Empire. The Vandals invade North Africa and lay siege to Augustine’s city of Hippo. Nestorius becomes bishop of Constantinople.

Links:
Portrait of Nestorius by Romeyn de Hooghe

Apollinaris on Christology

Alexandria and Antioch

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#437 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Oncoming Storm

#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

As with the monks of Africa, the monks of Gaul also have problems with Augustine’s views on predestination. Two monks from Gaul, John Cassian and Vincent of Lérins, are often mentioned as critics of Augustine – indeed they are sometimes called Semipelagians. Plus, the problem of Pelagianism in Britain.

Links:
Icon of John Cassian

Augustine – On the Predestination of the Saints and On the Gift of Perseverence

Cassian’s Thirteenth Conference

Barrett, Anthony A. “Saint Germanus and the British Missions.” Britannia 40 (2009): 197-218.

Casiday, A. M. C. “Grace and the Humanity of Christ According to St Vincent of Lérins.” Vigiliae Christianae 59, no. 3 (2005): 298-314.

Casiday, Augustine. “Rehabilitating John Cassian: an Evaluation of Prosper of Aquitaine’s Polemic against the ‘Semipelagians.’” Scottish Journal of Theology 58, no. 3 (2005): 270–84.

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#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

We return to the declining fortunes of the West as Emperor Honorius dies and leaves the throne in the hands of a child. Meanwhile, in North Africa, Augustine finds himself once more forced to explain his views on grace and predestination.

Links:
Painting of Saint Augustine in his study by Sandro Botticelli

Map of Praefecture of Illyricum

Letters of Augustine to Valentinus on free will and predeterminism

Augustine On Grace and Free Will

Augustine On Rebuke and Grace

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#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

#428 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Father of Mysticism

We begin a series of episodes on the spirituality of the early 5th century with a look at Saint Augustine. His works, especially The Confessions and The Trinity show Augustine as a major early Christian mystic – urging all Christians to unite themselves to God in love.

Links:
Painting of Saint Augustine by Phillipe de Champaigne

Augustine’s Confessions – note especially chapters 10 and 27

Augustine’s The Trinity – note especially chapter 15

Augustine Letter 147 on the Vision of God

Augustine Sermon 52 on the incomprehensibility of God and inability to express the ecstatic experience

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#428 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Father of Mysticism

#427 – A History of the Catholic Church – Julian of Eclanum

Considered Augustine’s greatest theological adversary, Julian of Eclanum will pick up where Pelagius left off. His criticisms of Augustine’s teaching on Original Sin could not be ignored.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Boniface I

Augustine’s writings against Julian of Eclanum

Mathjis Lamberigts, “The Philosophical and Theological Background of Julian of Aeclanum’s Concept of Concupiscence”, in Therese Fuhrer (hg), Die christlich-philosophischen Diskurse der Spätantike: Texte, Personen, Institutionen: Akten der Tagung vom 22.-25. Februar 2006 am Zentrum für Antike und Moderne der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2008) (Philosophie der Antike, 28)

BeDuhn, Jason. “What Augustine (May Have) Learned from the Manicheaeans.” Augustinian Studies 43, no. 1/2 (2012): 35-48.

Eddy, Paul Rhodes. “Can a leopard change its spots?: Augustine and the crypto-Manichaeism question.” Scottish Journal of Theology 62, no. 3 (2009): 316-346.

Evans, Gillian R. “Neither a Pelagian nor a Manichee.” Vigiliae Christianae 35, no. 3 (1981): 232-44.

Lamberigts, Mathijs. “Competing Christologies: Julian and Augustine on Jesus Christ.” Augustinian Studies 36, no. 1 (2005): 159-194.

Scheppard, Carol. “The Transmission of Sin in the Seed: A Debate between Augustine of Hippo and Julian of Eclanum.” Augustinian Studies 27, no. 2 (1996): 99-108.

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#427 – A History of the Catholic Church – Julian of Eclanum

#426 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tractoria of Zosimus

Pope Zosimus’ attempt to navigate the Pelagian Controversy runs up against the desires of the North African bishops, the bishops of Italy and Emperor Honorius. After Zosimus’ death, the Church of Rome again divides over his successor. A new figure rises to confront Augustine on the importance of free will.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Zosimus

Canons of the Council of Carthage 418

Letter of Julian of Eclanum to Pope Zosimus

Letter of Julian of Eclanum to Bishop Rufus of Thessalonica

Beck, J. H. (2007), The Pelagian Controversy: An Economic Analysis. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 66: 681–696.

Dunn, G. D. (2015), Imperial Intervention in the Disputed Roman Episcopal Election of 418/419. J Relig Hist, 39: 1–13.

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#426 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tractoria of Zosimus

#425 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome has Spoken

The Pelagian Controversy heats up in the West as the Church of North Africa and Pope Innocent I condemn Pelagius and Caelestius for heresy. Innocent’s successor, Pope Zosimus, runs into problems with the Church of Gaul.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Innocent I

Map of Hispania in 418 showing where the various tribes have settled.

Jerome on the attack on the Bethlehem monastery

Pelagius’ Letter and Confession of Faith to Pope Innocent I

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#425 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome has Spoken