Tag Archives: Augustine of Hippo

#469 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Ideal Bishop

The clergy of the Church had roles and responsibilities beyond the sacramental. As Augustine noted, the “bishop’s burden” included participation in civil society as well. With an increased political role came increased power and an increased opportunity for corruption.

Links:
Mosaic of the North African Bishop Quodvulteus

Geoffrey D. Dunn, “The Clerical Cursus Honorum in the Late Antique Roman Church”, Scrinium, 9, #1, 120-133.

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#469 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Ideal Bishop

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#467 – A History of the Catholic Church – Changing Rituals

In this episode, we look at changes in the Church’s liturgical and sacramental practice in the first half of the 5th century – how the church of Rome used liturgy to promote unity and Augustine’s problem with a congregant over liturgical innovation [on Augustine’s part]. We finish with an examination of the developing understanding of Christian education.

Links:
Drawing of Changes in the clerical pallium

Augustine On the Teacher and On Christian Doctrine

Papanicolaou – The Educational Principles of St. Augustine”

Salzman, Michele Renee. “Leo’s Liturgical Topography: Contestations for Space in Fifth-Century Rome.” The Journal of Roman Studies 103 (2013): 208-32.

“Augustine on liberal education: Defender and defensive” The Heythrop Journal 51(3):377 – 387 · August 2009 

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#467 – A History of the Catholic Church – Changing Rituals

#466 – A History of the Catholic Church – Combating Error

The increasing dominance of the Catholic Church over its rivals was revealed in the legislation of the Roman Empire and in the violence of monks against pagans, Jews, and heretics. Indeed, by the mid-5th century, we find a growing willingness to punish theological differences with the highest penalties.

Links:
Photo of Santa Sabina with pillars taken from destroyed pagan temple by Dnalor 01

Imperial laws against pagans, Jews, and heretics

Augustine on pagan violence in Suffectum and in Calama and here.

Socrates Scholasticus on violence by Jews

Hunt, E. D. St. Stephen in Minorca: An Episode in Jewish-Christian Relations in the Early 5th Century A.D.

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#466 – A History of the Catholic Church – Combating Error

#465 – A History of the Catholic Church – Freedom in Christ

The complex interaction between Catholic teaching and the historic traditions of the Greco-Roman tradition on the particular issues of slavery and the treatment of the poor are the focus of this episode and help us to see the how Christianity affected and was affected by the surrounding culture.

Links:
Photo of mosaic of two Roman slaves carrying wine jars by Paschal Radique

CL de Wet The Punishment of Slaves in Early Christianity: The Views of Some Selected Church Fathers

Ilaria L.E. Ramelli – “Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery” was a major source for this episode as was Peter Brown’s “Through the Eye of a Needle”.

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#465 – A History of the Catholic Church – Freedom in Christ

#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

Augustine tells us how music should be composed and appreciated, as well as letting us know his favorite hymn. Synesius of Cyrene, Sedulius, Mesrop Mashtots and Maruthas of Martyropolis give us examples of music appreciated by Christians both inside and outside the Roman Empire.

Links:
Image of hymn A solis ortus cardine.

Article on Augustine’s Musical thought

Ambrose’ Deus Creator Omnium in English

Hymns of Synesius in English
Audio of hymn ascribed to Synesius

About Sedulius

Hymns of Sedulius in Latin and in English/Latin and here

Sedulius’ “A solils ortus cardine” in Gregorian chant

Ktsurds by Mesrop Mashtots – in English

Audio of hymn by Mesrop Mashtots

The English translation to Maruthas of Martyroplis’ hymn Onyatha d-Sahde can be found here

Audio of hymn Onyatha d-Sahde ascribed to Maruthas of Martyropolis

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#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

#462 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Poetry of Eudocia

The poetry of Empress Eudocia and Paulinus of Nola revealed the tensions that existed in a culture that both praised and rejected the literary works of the past – those of Homer and Virgil. For Eudocia and Paulinus, the examples of the great pagan poets of yesterday could be used to praise Christ in the Roman Empire of their present.

Links:
Icon of Saint Eudocia.

Cătălina Mărmureanu, Gianina Cernescu, Laura Lixandru, Early Christian Women Writiers: The Interesting Lives and Works of Faltonia Betitia Proba and Athenais-Eudocia, Bucharest 2008.

Brian Sowers, Eudocia: The Making of a Homeric Christian

Poetry of Paulinus of Nola [in Latin]

English translations of some of Paulinus’ poetry can be found in this text.

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#462 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Poetry of Eudocia

#452 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tome of Leo

Pope Leo I of Rome assembles a text presenting the Christology of the West in the hopes of putting an end to the controversy once and for all. However, in the East, Pope Dioscorus of Alexandria has his own plans.

Links:
Photo of Statue of Pope Leo I taken by Mattana

Selections from Tertullian on Christology

Tome of Leo

Barclift, Philip L. “The Shifting Tones of Pope Leo the Great’s Christological Vocabulary.” Church History 66, no. 2 (1997): 221-39.

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#452 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tome of Leo

#437 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Oncoming Storm

Challenges face the Church in both the Western and Eastern halves of the Empire. The Vandals invade North Africa and lay siege to Augustine’s city of Hippo. Nestorius becomes bishop of Constantinople.

Links:
Portrait of Nestorius by Romeyn de Hooghe

Apollinaris on Christology

Alexandria and Antioch

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#437 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Oncoming Storm

#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

As with the monks of Africa, the monks of Gaul also have problems with Augustine’s views on predestination. Two monks from Gaul, John Cassian and Vincent of Lérins, are often mentioned as critics of Augustine – indeed they are sometimes called Semipelagians. Plus, the problem of Pelagianism in Britain.

Links:
Icon of John Cassian

Augustine – On the Predestination of the Saints and On the Gift of Perseverence

Cassian’s Thirteenth Conference

Barrett, Anthony A. “Saint Germanus and the British Missions.” Britannia 40 (2009): 197-218.

Casiday, A. M. C. “Grace and the Humanity of Christ According to St Vincent of Lérins.” Vigiliae Christianae 59, no. 3 (2005): 298-314.

Casiday, Augustine. “Rehabilitating John Cassian: an Evaluation of Prosper of Aquitaine’s Polemic against the ‘Semipelagians.’” Scottish Journal of Theology 58, no. 3 (2005): 270–84.

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#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

We return to the declining fortunes of the West as Emperor Honorius dies and leaves the throne in the hands of a child. Meanwhile, in North Africa, Augustine finds himself once more forced to explain his views on grace and predestination.

Links:
Painting of Saint Augustine in his study by Sandro Botticelli

Map of Praefecture of Illyricum

Letters of Augustine to Valentinus on free will and predeterminism

Augustine On Grace and Free Will

Augustine On Rebuke and Grace

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#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism