Category Archives: Podcast

#382 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Priscillian – Part I

We start calling the bishops of Rome – the popes of Rome. Priscillian of Avila offers us an example of the challenges of the rising ascetical movement as bishop fights against bishop in Spain.

Links:
Photo of Gold-glass depiction of Jonah and the whale by Anne-Marie Bouché

More on Priscillian.

Various New Testament Apocrypha, including those that Priscillian would have used.

About the so-called Epistle of Saint Paul to the Laodiceans

Map of the Roman provinces in Hispania at the time of Priscillian. Priscillian and his main support was found in Spanish Galicia/Gallaecia.

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#382 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Priscillian – Part I

#381 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Altar of Victory

Major political and religious events take place in the Empire as Gratian moves against some of the oldest Roman pagan traditions, Magnus Maximus moves against Gratian, and Ambrose asserts himself against Valentinian.

Links:
Solidus of Gratian by Rasiel Suarez

More on the Altar of Victory, including pictures of what it may have looked like.

The Relatio of Symmachus and the two responses of Ambrose

Cameron, Alan “Gratian’s Repudiation of the Pontifical Robe”. The Journal of Roman Studies. Vol. 58. Parts 1 and 2 (1968). pp. 96-102.

Cameron, Alan. “The Imperial Pontifex”. Harvard Studies in Classical Philology. 103 (2007). 341-84.

Thomas Graumann. “The Synod of Constantinople, AD 383. History and Historiography”. Millenium Jahrbuch. 7 (2010). 133-168.

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#381 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Altar of Victory

#380 – A History of the Catholic Church – Virgin and Mother

The debates over the comparative worth of marriage and virginity in Rome, not suprisingly, also lead to debates over the Christian understanding of Mary as a model of the faith and the early steps toward the doctrine of Mary’s perpetual virginity.

Links:
Gold-glass image of Mary with Saints Peter and Paul by Rama

The Protoevangelium of James

Jerome’s The Perpetual Virginity of Mary Against Helvidius

Hunter, David G. (Spring 1993). “Helvidius, Jovinian, and the Virginity of Mary in Late Fourth-Century Rome”. Journal of Early Christian Studies. Johns Hopkins University Press. Vol. 1 (number 1): pp. 47–71

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#380 – A History of the Catholic Church – Virgin and Mother

#379 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Holy Women of Rome

Saint Jerome takes advantage of his time in Rome to promote the consecrated life, especially among Rome’s upper class. These women: Marcella, Paula, Lea, Eustochium and Blaesilla – will, in turn, play a major role in the history of the Church. However, Jerome will also find himself caught in the ecclesiastical politics of Rome, much to his detriment.

Links:
Painting of Saint Jerome with Saints Paula and Eustochium by Francisco de Zurbarán

Jerome’s letter on Marcella

Jerome’s letter on Paula the Elder

Jerome’s letter to Eustochium on virginity

Jerome’s letter to Laeta about her daughter Paula

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#379 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Holy Women of Rome

#378 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Velatio

The rise of virginity in the West runs up against traditional Roman support for marriage and children. Saint Ambrose, however, strives to change the minds of the Western Christians and makes an important connection between virginity and our understanding of the Church.

Links:
Saint Ambrose and his sister, Saint Marcellina by Giovanni Dall’Orto

Ambrose’s Concerning Virginity

Nathalie Henry, “The Song of Songs and the Liturgy from the Velatio in the Fourth Century: From Literary Metaphor to Liturgical Reality”, Continuity and Change in Christian Worship: Papers Read at the 1997 Summer Meeting and the 1998 Winter Meeting of the Ecclesiastical History Society, ed. R. N. Swanson, Rochester: The Boydell Press, 1999, pp. 18-28.

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#378 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Velatio

#377 – A History of the Catholic Church – Brides of Christ

The rise of the ascetical movement brought with it the rise of the debate over the relative virtue of marriage versus celibacy. This debate became even more intense as the number of ascetics rapidly expanded in the fourth century and Virgins move to occupy an important position in the life of the Church.

Links:
Saint Piamun and her mother in an Egyptian village by Charles-Antoine Coypel

Tertullian On Exhortation to Chastity

Cyprian of Carthage On the Dress of Virgins

Gregory of Nyssa On Virginity

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#377 – A History of the Catholic Church – Brides of Christ

#376 – A History of the Catholic Church – Be Fruitful and Multiply

This week we begin a series of episodes on marriage and virginity. While the Christian understanding of marriage is rooted in the Old Testament and Jewish tradition, it is also influenced by the encounter with Greek and Roman Culture as it strives to promote the importance of unity between husband and wife and the the procreation of children. Moreover, the goodness of marriage in the Christian tradition is connected with the belief in the goodness of everything God created.

Links:
Gold-Glass “Medalion” of a Christian couple being crowned by Jesus. The Latin reads “Sweetheart, may you live [long]”

Jewish Seven Blessings
Tertullian’s Ad Uxorem
Gregory Nazianzen on the marriage ritual in the Eastern half of the Roman Empire

Paulinus of Nola’s Ode on Marriage can be found in Documents of the Marriage Liturgy, Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1992, pp. 30-39.

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#376 – A History of the Catholic Church – Be Fruitful and Multiply

#375 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Hebrew Verity

Having revised the Latin Gospels, Jerome undertakes the much heavier task of translating the Hebrew Old Testament. However, Jerome’s decision to reject the Septuagint is met with significant opposition. Moreover, Jerome’s work contributes to a changing understanding of what it means to be a monk.

Links:
Painting of Saint Jerome in his study by Antonello da Messina

Writings of Jerome, including commentaries

Jerome’s prefaces to his scriptural translations

Correspondence between Jerome and Augustine about his translations and the Septuagint

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#375 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Hebrew Verity

#374 – A History of the Catholic Church – Jerome Versus Ambrosiaster

After a brief examination of the 382 Synod of Rome and Damasus’ views on the primacy of the bishop of Rome, we look at the first part of Jerome’s work on the Vulgate – his revision of the Gospels. Today Jerome is praised for his work on what will become the official Latin version of the New Testament. However, that was not so much the case at the beginning.

Links:
Painting of Saint Jerome by José de Ribera

The Damasine List of Canonical Scriptures reputedly accepted at the 382 Synod of Rome

Resources on the Vetus Latina or Old Latin Scriptures

Peter Lorenz’ blog posts on Jerome, Ambrosiaster and their conflict over the validity of the Vetus Latina

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#374 – A History of the Catholic Church – Jerome Versus Ambrosiaster

#373 – A History of the Catholic Church – Union with God

Last week, we heard Basil the Great’s advice for separation from the things of the world. This week, we hear the advice of Pseudo-Macarius and Gregory of Nyssa for praying constantly and entering into deeper union with God.

Links:
Icon of Gregory of Nyssa

The Spiritual Homilies of Pseudo-Macarius

Hieromonk Alexander Golitzin’s presentation A Testimony to Christianity as Transfiguration: The Macarian Homilies and Orthodox Spirituality

Comments on Gregory of Nyssa’s Life of Moses

Comments on Gregory of Nyssa’s Homilies on the Song of Songs

John Meyendorff, “St. Basil, Messalianism and Byzantine Christianity,” St Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 28 (1980), 219-234.

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#373 – A History of the Catholic Church – Union with God