Author Archives: sbeshonertor

#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

As with the monks of Africa, the monks of Gaul also have problems with Augustine’s views on predestination. Two monks from Gaul, John Cassian and Vincent of Lérins, are often mentioned as critics of Augustine – indeed they are sometimes called Semipelagians. Plus, the problem of Pelagianism in Britain.

Links:
Icon of John Cassian

Augustine – On the Predestination of the Saints and On the Gift of Perseverence

Cassian’s Thirteenth Conference

Barrett, Anthony A. “Saint Germanus and the British Missions.” Britannia 40 (2009): 197-218.

Casiday, A. M. C. “Grace and the Humanity of Christ According to St Vincent of Lérins.” Vigiliae Christianae 59, no. 3 (2005): 298-314.

Casiday, Augustine. “Rehabilitating John Cassian: an Evaluation of Prosper of Aquitaine’s Polemic against the ‘Semipelagians.’” Scottish Journal of Theology 58, no. 3 (2005): 270–84.

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#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

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#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

We return to the declining fortunes of the West as Emperor Honorius dies and leaves the throne in the hands of a child. Meanwhile, in North Africa, Augustine finds himself once more forced to explain his views on grace and predestination.

Links:
Painting of Saint Augustine in his study by Sandro Botticelli

Map of Praefecture of Illyricum

Letters of Augustine to Valentinus on free will and predeterminism

Augustine On Grace and Free Will

Augustine On Rebuke and Grace

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#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

#434 – A History of the Catholic Church – Shenoute

Saint Shenoute of Atribe – one of the most famous monks in Egypt and one of the most controversial.

Links:
Icon of Saint Shenoute of Atribe

Life of Saint Shenoute and here

Shenoute’s Monastic Federation

3-D Panorama of Shenoute’s tomb

3-D tour of Shenoute’s Red Monastery

Emmel, Stephen. “Shenoute of Atripe and the christian destruction of temples in Egypt: rhetoric and reality”. From Temple to Church. 2008. pp. 162-203.

Layton, B. “Rules, Patterns, and the Exercise of Power in Shenoute’s Monastery: The Problem of World Replacement and Identity Maintenance.” Journal of Early Christian Studies, vol. 15 no. 1, 2007, pp. 45-73.

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#434 – A History of the Catholic Church – Shenoute

#433 – A History of the Catholic Church – Alexander the Sleepless

The Eastern Roman Empire finds itself challenged by Alexander and the Sleepless Ones. Meanwhile, in Armenia, Saint Mesrop invents a new alphabet.

Links:
Gravesite of Mesrop Mashtots/a> by Perland1

On the Sleepless Ones/Acoemetae

Life of Mesrop Mashtots

On the Armenian Alphabet

Daniel Folger Caner. Wandering, Begging Monks: Spiritual Authority and the Promotion of Monasticism in Late Antiquity. 2002.

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#433 – A History of the Catholic Church – Alexander the Sleepless

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 404-408

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#404 – On Pilgrimage
#405 – Evagrius of Pontus
#406 – The Conflict over Origen – Part I
#407 – The Conflict over Origen – Round Two
#408 – The Empire in Decline

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 404 to 408

#432 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rehabilitations and Persecutions

The process of rehabilitating the legacy of John Chrysostom begins and the Persian Church finds itself under persecution once again.

Links:
The Martyrdom of Saint James the Persian

Bishop Atticus of Constantinople on the adding of John’s name to the diptychs
Pope Cyril of Alexandria’s response

Theodoret’s Historia Ecclesiastica on the persecution of the Persian Christians [5:38]

The Synod of Mar Dadiso/Dadyeshu

Herman, Geoffrey. The last years of Yazdgird I and the Christians. Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians: Religious Dynamics in a Sasanian Context. (Judaism in Context 17) Gorgias Press: Piscataway, 2014, pp. 67-90.

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#432 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rehabilitations and Persecutions

#431 – A History of the Catholic Church – Harlots of the Desert

The stories of the Harlots of the Desert served to inspire Christians to repent of their sins and trust in the mercy of God. Furthermore, the stories give us insight into the understandings of gender and holiness in the early 5th century Church.

Links:
Etching of Saint Mary of Egypt by Levillain

Rodney Stark on women in the Early Church

The ancient lives of Saints Mary of Egypt, Pelagia, Thaïs, and Mary – Niece of Abraham can be found here

The life of Saint Paesia the Harlot

Chrysostom’s 67th Homily on the Gospel of Matthew seen as inspiration for the story of Saint Pelagia

Linda L. Coon on Saints Pelagia and Mary of Egypt

Ruth Mazo Karras. “Holy Harlots: Prostitute Saints in Medieval Legend”. Journal of the History of Sexuality. Vol. 1, No. 1 (July 1990). pp. 3-32.

Benedicta Ward – Harlots of the Desert

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#431 – A History of the Catholic Church – Harlots of the Desert

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 399-403

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#399 – The Clerical Cursus Honorum
#400 – The Higher Clergy
#401 – The Bosom of Abraham
#402 – Patron Saints
#403 – Holy Relics

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 399 to 403

#430 – A History of the Catholic Church – Praying atop a Pillar

Saint Symeon the Stylite chose to separate himself from the world and rise up to Christ by living atop a stone pillar. His reputation for holiness attracted peoples from all across the Roman Empire seeking his wisdom and prayers.

Links:
Image of Saint Symeon the Stylite

Article on the present state of the pillar of Saint Symeon

Article on modern Stylite

Bottle for carrying hnana – with image of Stylites

Icon of David the Dendrite

Coptic Life of Saint Symeon

Syriac Life of Saint Symeon

Theodoret of Cyrrhus on Saint Symeon

David T. M. Frankenfurter. “Stylites and Phallobates: Pillar Religions in Late Antique Syria”. Vigiliae Christianae Vol. 44. No. 2 (Jun., 1990): pp. 168-198 – examines relationship of early pagan traditions which have been suggested as influence on Christian Stylites.

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#430 – A History of the Catholic Church – Praying atop a Pillar

#429 – A History of the Catholic Church – God Come to My Assistance

Saint John Cassian brought many of the Eastern monastic traditions to the West and, in turn, influenced later Western monasticism – especially the monasticism of Saint Benedict of Nursia. In this episode, we look at Cassian’s theology of prayer.

Links:
Minature of Saint John Cassian

Cassian’s The Conferences – chapters 9 and 10 focus on prayer

Cassian’s The Institutes

Cassian and Monaticism by Hugo Feiss, OSB

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#429 – A History of the Catholic Church – God Come to My Assistance