Author Archives: sbeshonertor

#472 – A History of the Catholic Church – Barbarian Domination

In the West, the Fall of Roman power in the West meant the domination of Arians in the Kingdom of the Vandals of North Africa, the Kingdom of the Visigoths in Hispania and Gaul and the Kingdom of Odoacer in Italy.
In North Africa, the Nicene Romans experienced severe persecution. In Italy, there was relative religious tolerance.
In Rome, political separation meant greater freedom from the Emperor far away in Constantinople.

Links:
Photo of statue of Saint Eugenius by Giovanni Dall’Orto

Map of Europe in 480

Christopher J. Nofziger, Reign of heretics: Arianism and political power in the Vandal and Ostrogothic kingdoms

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List

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#472 – A History of the Catholic Church – Barbarian Domination

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#471 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of the West

We look at the role of Christianity in the Fall of the Roman Empire in the West and the continuing conflict over the Council of Chalcedon in the East as seen in Emperor Basiliscus’ Encyclical.

Links:
Image of Daniel the Stylite

Map of Europe in 476

Basiliscus’ Encyclical – found in Chapter 4

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List

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#471 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of the West

#470 – A History of the Catholic Church -Who was Crucified for Us

The collapse of imperial power in the West posed new challenges for the Popes of Rome who struggled to maintain control. Meanwhile, in the East, the conflict over the Council of Chalcedon heated up once more with the arrival of Peter the Fuller.

Links:
Image of Pope Hilarius

Peter the Fuller, Patriarch of Antioch

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List

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#470 – A History of the Catholic Church – Who was Crucified for Us

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 444-448

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#444 – Canons and Deliberations
#445 – Formula of Union
#446 – The Bishop of Ireland
#447 – The Tome of Proclus
#448 – Plenitudo Potestatis

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 444 to 448

#469 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Ideal Bishop

The clergy of the Church had roles and responsibilities beyond the sacramental. As Augustine noted, the “bishop’s burden” included participation in civil society as well. With an increased political role came increased power and an increased opportunity for corruption.

Links:
Mosaic of the North African Bishop Quodvulteus

Geoffrey D. Dunn, “The Clerical Cursus Honorum in the Late Antique Roman Church”, Scrinium, 9, #1, 120-133.

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#469 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Ideal Bishop

#468 – A History of the Catholic Church – Exemplars of the Faith

As the Church grew, so did the number of the saints and so did the diversity of their stories. The beginnings of the fifth century also saw increased devotion to Mary and new ways of showing one’s appreciation for the saints. Plus, Peter Chrysologus and Patrick of Ireland.

Links:
Photo of ampulla from Shrine of Sergius

The Trier Adventus Ivory showing an imperial procession with holy relics

Selections from sermons by Peter Chrysologus

Writings of St. Patrick

On the transition of the relics of St. Stephen

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#468 – A History of the Catholic Church – Exemplars of the Faith

#467 – A History of the Catholic Church – Changing Rituals

In this episode, we look at changes in the Church’s liturgical and sacramental practice in the first half of the 5th century – how the church of Rome used liturgy to promote unity and Augustine’s problem with a congregant over liturgical innovation [on Augustine’s part]. We finish with an examination of the developing understanding of Christian education.

Links:
Drawing of Changes in the clerical pallium

Augustine On the Teacher and On Christian Doctrine

Papanicolaou – The Educational Principles of St. Augustine”

Salzman, Michele Renee. “Leo’s Liturgical Topography: Contestations for Space in Fifth-Century Rome.” The Journal of Roman Studies 103 (2013): 208-32.

“Augustine on liberal education: Defender and defensive” The Heythrop Journal 51(3):377 – 387 · August 2009 

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#467 – A History of the Catholic Church – Changing Rituals

#466 – A History of the Catholic Church – Combating Error

The increasing dominance of the Catholic Church over its rivals was revealed in the legislation of the Roman Empire and in the violence of monks against pagans, Jews, and heretics. Indeed, by the mid-5th century, we find a growing willingness to punish theological differences with the highest penalties.

Links:
Photo of Santa Sabina with pillars taken from destroyed pagan temple by Dnalor 01

Imperial laws against pagans, Jews, and heretics

Augustine on pagan violence in Suffectum and in Calama and here.

Socrates Scholasticus on violence by Jews

Hunt, E. D. St. Stephen in Minorca: An Episode in Jewish-Christian Relations in the Early 5th Century A.D.

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#466 – A History of the Catholic Church – Combating Error

#465 – A History of the Catholic Church – Freedom in Christ

The complex interaction between Catholic teaching and the historic traditions of the Greco-Roman tradition on the particular issues of slavery and the treatment of the poor are the focus of this episode and help us to see the how Christianity affected and was affected by the surrounding culture.

Links:
Photo of mosaic of two Roman slaves carrying wine jars by Paschal Radique

CL de Wet The Punishment of Slaves in Early Christianity: The Views of Some Selected Church Fathers

Ilaria L.E. Ramelli – “Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery” was a major source for this episode as was Peter Brown’s “Through the Eye of a Needle”.

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#465 – A History of the Catholic Church – Freedom in Christ

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 439-443

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#439 – Prosopon of Union
#440 – Hypostatic Union
#441 – Twelve Anathemas
#442 – Preparation for Ephesus
#443 – Cyril Triumphant

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To listen, just click on the link below:
Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 439 to 443