Category Archives: Early Middle Ages

#496 – A History of the Catholic Church – Justinian’s Code

Links:
Photo of mosaic of Justinian I by Petar Milošević

Map of Europe in 526

Litle Hagia Sophia/Sergius and Bacchus
.
The Code of Justinian

Map of Samaria

Justinian’s law on the Jews

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#496 – A History of the Catholic Church – Justinian’s Code

#495 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Rule of Benedict

Saint Benedict of Nursia and his Rule set out to establish a monastic charism of moderation for beginners that would become the model of monastic spirituality throughout the West. We also look at the importance of monastic penance and child oblates.

Links:
Icon of Saint Benedict

Map of important sites connected to Benedict

Rule of Saint Benedict

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#495 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Rule of Benedict

#494 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Council of Orange

Conflicts over Augustine’s theology of prevenient grace and predestination arise in Gaul as Caesarius of Arles defends himself against suggestions of heresy at the Council of Orange. Pope Boniface II tries and fails to name his successor. A pope changes his name.

Links:
Photo of relic of Caesarius of Arles by Cangadoba

Canons of the Council of Orange

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#494 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Council of Orange

#493 – A History of the Catholic Church – Choosing a Successor

After a survey of the Christian/Jewish relationship in the former Roman Empire and in the Byzantine Empire, we look at the status of Christians outside the Byzantine Empire. We end with a look at how Pope Felix IV tried to avoid a crisis over his succession, yet accomplished that very thing.

Links:
Mosaic of Mosaic of Pope Felix IV

Map showing locations of Armenia, Iberia Caucasian Albania,and Lazica

Map of Kingdom of Aksum

Aaron Butts – “Simeon of Beth Arsham, Letter on Bar Ṣawmā and the heresy of the Nestorians”

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#493 – A History of the Catholic Church – Choosing a Successor

#492 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Rule of the Master

In the late 5th/early 6th century, there were significant developments in monastic spirituality. In the West, the appearance of the Rule of the Master. In the East, the homilies of Jacob of Serug. Bishops tried to exert control over monastics, monastics worked to keep themselves autonomous. The laity also experienced new expressions of spirituality – the establishment of minor rogations in Gaul and more elaborate liturgies.

Links:
Icon of Jacob of Serug

The Abbey of Saint Maurice

The Rule of the Master

Eugippius, Severinus and the Construction of a Monastic Ideal

The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity – website about historical devotion to various saints

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#492 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Rule of the Master

#491 – A History of the Catholic Church – Episcopal Responsibilities

A growing Church and political instability mean new responsibilities for the clergy – especially the bishops. Not even the Church of Rome remains unaffected.

Links:
Icon of Caesarius of Arles

Map of the territory of the various Patriarchs

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#491 – A History of the Catholic Church – Episcopal Responsibilities

#490 – A History of the Catholic Church -Complexities of Christian Art

The Church in the late 5th/early 6th centuries continues to struggle with the right relationship to the pagan culture of the Greek/Roman Empire – what must be rejected as false, what should be preserved as true, what can be authentically Christianized.

Links:
Image of Murano Diptych

Poetry:
Paulinus of Pella – Eucharisticon

Music:
Boethius on Music

Art:
Murano Diptych

Image of Milan Five-Part Diptych
On the Milan Five-Part Diptych

Menas Flask also here to get a sense of how common these were.

Architecture:
Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna
Image of Saint Agnes

The Arian Baptistry of Ravenna
Mosaics of Orthodox/Baptistry of Neon in Ravenna
On the two baptistries

Albenga Baptistry

Chapel of Saint Andrew in Ravenna

San Stefano Rotondo
Image of how it looked in 5th century
Inside San Stefano Rotundo

Church of Saint Polyeuktos

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#490 – A History of the Catholic Church – Complexities of Christian Art

#489 – A History of the Catholic Church – Anno Domini

In this episode, we look at the Easter Tables of Dionysius Exiguus, the beginnings of the Anno Domini dating system, historical Chronicles and the Liber Pontificalis – all seeking to present God as Lord of time and history.

Links:
Image of Ravenna Paschal/Easter Calendar by Apatak.

The Collectio Dionysiana – Dionysius’ work on canon law

Dionysius Exiguus’ Easter Table and see here

Gustav Teres “Time Computations and Dionysius Exiguus”

Immo Warntjes “The argumenta of Dionysius Exiguus and their early recensions”

The Chronicle of Cassiodorus

Richard W. Burgess – “Hydatius: A Late Roman Chronicler”

Michael Kulikowski – “The History and Origins of the Latin Chronicle Tradition”

The Liber Pontificalis

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#489 – A History of the Catholic Church – Anno Domini

#488 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Death of Boethius

As the Church of Rome and the Emperor Justin move to restore ties with the end of the Acacian Schism, tensions between King Theodoric of Italy and the Byzantine Empire increase leading to the imprisonment and death of both the Roman Senator Boethius and Pope John I. In the East, the Monophysites face the challenges of Julian of Halicarnassus and the Apthhartodocetae.

Links:
Painting of Farewell of Consul Boethius to his family by Jean-Victor Schnetz.

Map of the lands of the Arian kingdoms in 526

History of Philosophy without any gaps episode on Boethius

Pope Benedict XVI on Boethius

On Julian of Halicarnassus

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#488 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Death of Boethius

#487 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Scythian Monks

The Scythian Monks hoped to end the conflict between the Chalcedonians and Monophysites. But their endorsement of Theopaschatism – that one of the Trinity/Jesus Christ was crucified in the flesh caused concern in both the East and the West – as the debates between Cyril and Nestorius and between Augustine and Pelagius continued to challenge the Christian Church.

Links:
Painting of Fulgentius of Ruspe.

Matthew Joseph Pereira – Reception, Interpretation and Doctrine in the Sixth Century: John Maxentius and the Scythian Monks

Matthew Joseph Pereira – From Augustine to the Scythian Monks: Social Memory and the Doctrine of Predestination

Map of Diocese of Thrace showing Scythia Minor

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To listen, just click on the link below:
#487 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Scythian Monks