#408 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Empire in Decline

After the death of Theodosius the Great, the Roman Empire found itself in a precarious situation. Augustine becomes bishop of Hippo.

Links:

Image of Pendant of Maria, daughter of Stilicho, with form of Christogram by PHGCOM.

Map of final division of Roman Empire at death of Theodosius the Great

Monastic Rule of Saint Augustine

Augustine’s writings against Manicheanism

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#408 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Empire in Decline

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#407 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Two

The peace between Jerome and Rufinus did not last long as the controversy over Origen erupts in the West. Friendships are broken and the faithful are divided.

Links:

Image of Rufinus by Frederick Bloemaert.

Rufinus:
Selections from Rufinus’ Apology for Origen
Rufinus’ letter to Pope Anastasius I

Jerome:
Friendly letter to Rufinus
Hostile letter about Rufinus
Apology against Rufinus

Pope Anastasius I:
Letter on errors of Origen

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#407 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Part Two

#406 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Part One

Origen was one of the most prolific and influential theologians of the Early Church. But not everyone felt that his influence was positive. This week, we see why Origen was so controversial.

Links:

Image of Origen.

Attacks on Origen:
Bishop Methodius of Olympus:
On the Resurrection

Bishop Epiphanius of Salamis:
394 Letter to Bishop John of Jerusalem

Jerome:
398/399 Letter on Bishop John of Jerusalem

Defenses of Origen:
Gregory Thaumaturgus:
Oration to Origen

Pamphilius:
Defense of Origen

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#406 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Part One

#405 – A History of the Catholic Church – Evagrius of Pontus

Evagrius of Pontus exercised a major influence in the development of Eastern Christian spirituality as well as the Western understanding of the Seven Deadly Sins. In this episode, we examine his advice on avoiding temptation and growing in prayer.

Links:

Image of Evagrius of Pontus.

More information on Evagrius and selections from his writings can be found here, here, and here.

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#405 – A History of the Catholic Church – Evagrius of Pontus

#404 – A History of the Catholic Church – On Pilgrimage

Pilgrimage mania took hold in the 4th century as devotion to the saints increased. Increased pilgrims also led to the development of an infrastructure to support them. However, not everyone felt that increased desire for pilgrimage was a good thing.

Links:

The Burial Place of Jerome in Bethlehem by Bonio.

The feast of the Encaenia

Pilgrimage of Egeria

Map of Egeria’s pilgrimage

Paula’s letter on the Holy Places

On Paula and Eustochium

Jerome’s letter to Eustochium on Paula’s visit to the Holy Land

Gregory of Nyssa On Pilgrimages

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#404 – A History of the Catholic Church – On Pilgrimage

#403 – A History of the Catholic Church – Holy Relics

In this episode, we look at the veneration of the relics of the saints and the growing acceptance of the division of the bodies of saints among multiple shrines.

Links:

The Trier Ivory possibly showing the translation of the relics of Saint Stephen to Constantinople by Chris 73.

Reliquary of San Nazaro

Brescia Casket

List of saints having feast days according to Calendar of 354

The Hymn Apostolorum Passio sung on the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul

Jerome’s http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/3010.htmAgainst Vigilantius and Letter about Vigilantius on the validity of venerating relics

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#403 – A History of the Catholic Church – Holy Relics

#402 – A History of the Catholic Church – Patron Saints

The continuing growth of the Christian Church in the Roman Empire brought with it increasing attention on the relationship between saint and sinner. This week we look at how the Roman patron/client relationship influenced Christian spirituality.

Links:

Wall painting of Christ and the Martyrs in the Catacomb of Marcellinus and Peter

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#402 – A History of the Catholic Church – Patron Saints

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics Episodes 369-373

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#369 – Valens Falls/Theodosius Rises
#370 – The First Council of Constantinople
#371 – The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed
#372 – Separation from the World
#373 – Union with God

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 369 to 373

#401 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Bosom of Abraham

This week, we take a look at the Christian understanding of death and the afterlife in the Early Church, funeral practices and the importance of praying for the faithful who have died.

Links:

Image of the Bosom of Abraham by Joergens.mi/Wikipedia

Apocalypse of Paul

Jeffrey Burton Russell – Goodness, Gracious(ness), Great Balls of Fire

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#401 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Bosom of Abraham

#400 – The Higher Clergy

The second of a series on the clergy at the end of the 4th century with a look at clerical ordination and responsibilities. We also look at the importance of deaconesses in the Eastern half of the Roman Empire.

Links:

Divine Liturgy by Michael Damaskinos

Apostolic Constitutions on the Clergy

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#400 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Higher Clergy