#470 – A History of the Catholic Church -Who was Crucified for Us

The collapse of imperial power in the West posed new challenges for the Popes of Rome who struggled to maintain control. Meanwhile, in the East, the conflict over the Council of Chalcedon heated up once more with the arrival of Peter the Fuller.

Links:
Image of Pope Hilarius

Peter the Fuller, Patriarch of Antioch

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List

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#470 – A History of the Catholic Church – Who was Crucified for Us

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Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 444-448

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#444 – Canons and Deliberations
#445 – Formula of Union
#446 – The Bishop of Ireland
#447 – The Tome of Proclus
#448 – Plenitudo Potestatis

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 444 to 448

#469 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Ideal Bishop

The clergy of the Church had roles and responsibilities beyond the sacramental. As Augustine noted, the “bishop’s burden” included participation in civil society as well. With an increased political role came increased power and an increased opportunity for corruption.

Links:
Mosaic of the North African Bishop Quodvulteus

Geoffrey D. Dunn, “The Clerical Cursus Honorum in the Late Antique Roman Church”, Scrinium, 9, #1, 120-133.

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#469 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Ideal Bishop

#468 – A History of the Catholic Church – Exemplars of the Faith

As the Church grew, so did the number of the saints and so did the diversity of their stories. The beginnings of the fifth century also saw increased devotion to Mary and new ways of showing one’s appreciation for the saints. Plus, Peter Chrysologus and Patrick of Ireland.

Links:
Photo of ampulla from Shrine of Sergius

The Trier Adventus Ivory showing an imperial procession with holy relics

Selections from sermons by Peter Chrysologus

Writings of St. Patrick

On the transition of the relics of St. Stephen

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#468 – A History of the Catholic Church – Exemplars of the Faith

#467 – A History of the Catholic Church – Changing Rituals

In this episode, we look at changes in the Church’s liturgical and sacramental practice in the first half of the 5th century – how the church of Rome used liturgy to promote unity and Augustine’s problem with a congregant over liturgical innovation [on Augustine’s part]. We finish with an examination of the developing understanding of Christian education.

Links:
Drawing of Changes in the clerical pallium

Augustine On the Teacher and On Christian Doctrine

Papanicolaou – The Educational Principles of St. Augustine”

Salzman, Michele Renee. “Leo’s Liturgical Topography: Contestations for Space in Fifth-Century Rome.” The Journal of Roman Studies 103 (2013): 208-32.

“Augustine on liberal education: Defender and defensive” The Heythrop Journal 51(3):377 – 387 · August 2009 

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#467 – A History of the Catholic Church – Changing Rituals

#466 – A History of the Catholic Church – Combating Error

The increasing dominance of the Catholic Church over its rivals was revealed in the legislation of the Roman Empire and in the violence of monks against pagans, Jews, and heretics. Indeed, by the mid-5th century, we find a growing willingness to punish theological differences with the highest penalties.

Links:
Photo of Santa Sabina with pillars taken from destroyed pagan temple by Dnalor 01

Imperial laws against pagans, Jews, and heretics

Augustine on pagan violence in Suffectum and in Calama and here.

Socrates Scholasticus on violence by Jews

Hunt, E. D. St. Stephen in Minorca: An Episode in Jewish-Christian Relations in the Early 5th Century A.D.

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#466 – A History of the Catholic Church – Combating Error

#465 – A History of the Catholic Church – Freedom in Christ

The complex interaction between Catholic teaching and the historic traditions of the Greco-Roman tradition on the particular issues of slavery and the treatment of the poor are the focus of this episode and help us to see the how Christianity affected and was affected by the surrounding culture.

Links:
Photo of mosaic of two Roman slaves carrying wine jars by Paschal Radique

CL de Wet The Punishment of Slaves in Early Christianity: The Views of Some Selected Church Fathers

Ilaria L.E. Ramelli – “Social Justice and the Legitimacy of Slavery” was a major source for this episode as was Peter Brown’s “Through the Eye of a Needle”.

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#465 – A History of the Catholic Church – Freedom in Christ

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 439-443

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#439 – Prosopon of Union
#440 – Hypostatic Union
#441 – Twelve Anathemas
#442 – Preparation for Ephesus
#443 – Cyril Triumphant

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To listen, just click on the link below:
Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 439 to 443

#464 – A History of the Catholic Church – Imagining the Holy

The first half of the 5th century sees significant changes in Christian artistic representation of Christ and the Virgin Mary in response to the growing power of the Church and the recent controversy over Mary as the Mother of God. Church construction also underwent some important developments both in terms of placement and architecture.

Links:
Image of from the Quedlinburg Itala.

Later image of the Hodegetria – perhaps similar to the image recovered by Empress Eudocia

Homily by Asterius of Amasea on wealthy wearing clothes covered with religious images

Mosaics at the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia – including mosaic of Good Shepherd

Photo of the wooden panels of the Basilica of Santa Sabina

Description of the wooden panels

The Maskell Passion Ivories

Old Testament Mosaics at Santa Maria Maggiore

Other images of the mosaics of Santa Maria Maggiore

Images of the architecture of Santa Sabina

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#464 – A History of the Catholic Church – Imagining the Holy

#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

Augustine tells us how music should be composed and appreciated, as well as letting us know his favorite hymn. Synesius of Cyrene, Sedulius, Mesrop Mashtots and Maruthas of Martyropolis give us examples of music appreciated by Christians both inside and outside the Roman Empire.

Links:
Image of hymn A solis ortus cardine.

Article on Augustine’s Musical thought

Ambrose’ Deus Creator Omnium in English

Hymns of Synesius in English
Audio of hymn ascribed to Synesius

About Sedulius

Hymns of Sedulius in Latin and in English/Latin and here

Sedulius’ “A solils ortus cardine” in Gregorian chant

Ktsurds by Mesrop Mashtots – in English

Audio of hymn by Mesrop Mashtots

The English translation to Maruthas of Martyroplis’ hymn Onyatha d-Sahde can be found here

Audio of hymn Onyatha d-Sahde ascribed to Maruthas of Martyropolis

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#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise