#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

Augustine tells us how music should be composed and appreciated, as well as letting us know his favorite hymn. Synesius of Cyrene, Sedulius, Mesrop Mashtots and Maruthas of Martyropolis give us examples of music appreciated by Christians both inside and outside the Roman Empire.

Links:
Image of hymn A solis ortus cardine.

Article on Augustine’s Musical thought

Ambrose’ Deus Creator Omnium in English

Hymns of Synesius in English
Audio of hymn ascribed to Synesius

About Sedulius

Hymns of Sedulius in Latin and in English/Latin and here

Sedulius’ “A solils ortus cardine” in Gregorian chant

Ktsurds by Mesrop Mashtots – in English

Audio of hymn by Mesrop Mashtots

The English translation to Maruthas of Martyroplis’ hymn Onyatha d-Sahde can be found here

Audio of hymn Onyatha d-Sahde ascribed to Maruthas of Martyropolis

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#463 – A History of the Catholic Church – Making a Joyful Noise

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#462 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Poetry of Eudocia

The poetry of Empress Eudocia and Paulinus of Nola revealed the tensions that existed in a culture that both praised and rejected the literary works of the past – those of Homer and Virgil. For Eudocia and Paulinus, the examples of the great pagan poets of yesterday could be used to praise Christ in the Roman Empire of their present.

Links:
Icon of Saint Eudocia.

Cătălina Mărmureanu, Gianina Cernescu, Laura Lixandru, Early Christian Women Writiers: The Interesting Lives and Works of Faltonia Betitia Proba and Athenais-Eudocia, Bucharest 2008.

Brian Sowers, Eudocia: The Making of a Homeric Christian

Poetry of Paulinus of Nola [in Latin]

English translations of some of Paulinus’ poetry can be found in this text.

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#462 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Poetry of Eudocia

#461 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Maronites

Throughout the Christological Controversy, monastics played an important role. While many monks, especially in Egypt, supported Mono/Miaphysitism, there were also important communities defending Chalcedon – such as the Maronite community in Syria. In the West, Eastern monasticism will influence the development of monastic communities in Gaul as monks sought to replicate the Egyptian desert experience in the mountains and the forests.

Links:
Icon of Saint Maron.

The Lausiac History of Palladius presenting the history of Egyptian monasticism in this period

Information on the Monastery of St. Euthymius

History of the Maronites

Information on the Abbey of Lérins – in French

Abbot Paul Naaman. The Maronites: The Origins of an Antiochene Church. Collegeville, MN: Cistercian Publication. 2011

Yizhar Hirschfeld, “Eutymius and His Monastery in the Judean Desert”. Liber Annuus. 43. 1993. 339-371

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#461 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Maronites

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 434-438

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#434 – Shenoute
#435 – Free Will and Monasticism
#436 – Cassian and Grace
#437 – The Oncoming Storm
#438 – Christotokos

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 434 to 438

#460 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Two Leos

Political instability continues in the West as one emperor follows another. In the East, Emperor Leo I tries to find a way out of the controversy over Chalcedon but has problems with Timothy II of Alexandria, also known as Timothy the Cat. We finish the episode with a look at how Christians outside the Roman Empire reacted to the Christological Controversy.

Links:
Photo of bust of Emperor Leo I by Marie-Lan Nguyen.

Map of Western Empire under Emperor Majorian

Letter of Pope Leo I to Emperor Leo I opposing idea for a new council

Testimony of Pope Timothy II of Alexandria

History of Church by Evagrius Scholasticus – Chapter 9 has survey of Emperor Leo I

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#460 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Two Leos

#459 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome Sacked Again

The growing division between the Mono/Miaphysites and the Chalcedonians causes significant problems for the Eastern Empire, especially in Palestine and Egypt. In the West, Emperor Valentinian III is assassinated and Pope Leo I tries to keep the Vandals from destroying Rome.

Links:
Painting of Genseric sacking Rome by Bryullov.

Leo I’s letter to the monks of Palestine regarding his Tome

Chart showing the various Christological theologies and key representatives of each

Ernest Honigmann. “Juvenal of Jerusalem”. Dumbarton Oaks Papers. Vol. 5 (1950). pp. 209-279.

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#459 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome Sacked Again

#458 – A History of the Catholic Church – Leo and Attila

The conclusion of the Council of Chalcedon left the church divided – Rome vs. Constantinople and Chalcedonian vs. Miaphysite. These conflicts will influnce the future course of Christianity for the next three hundred years. We take a look at the Christological divisions after Chalcedon.

Links:
Painting of The Meeting between Leo the Great and Attila by Raphael.

Map of Roman Empire and Empire of the Huns in 450.

Salvian’s On the Government of God

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#458 – A History of the Catholic Church – Leo and Attila

#457 – A History of the Catholic Church – Canon 28

Chalcedon was intended to unite the Church, but – in many ways – the Church is more divided after Chalcedon than it had been before. Constantinople and Rome are divided over the place of Constantinople in the ecclesiastical hierarchy. The Church of Egypt refuses to accept the Tome of Leo and the Definition of Chalcedon.

Links:
Icon of Anatolius of Constantinople.

Canons of Chalcedon

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#457 – A History of the Catholic Church – Canon 28

#456 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Definition of Chalcedon

The Council of Chalcedon continues and with it continue conflicts over Christology and Roman authority. The bishops of Chalcedon put forward a new statement of faith in the hopes of unifying the Church.

Links:
Painting of the Council of Chalcedon by Andreevartstudio

The Definition of Chalcedon

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#456 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Definition of Chalcedon

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 429-433

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#429 – God Come to My Assistance
#430 – Praying atop a Pillar
#431 – Harlots of the Desert
#432 – Rehabilitations and Persecutions
#433 – Alexander the Sleepless

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 429 to 433