Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 414-418

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#414 – The Fall of Stilicho
#415 – The Sack of Rome
#416 – The City of God
#417 – No Salvation outside the Church
#418 – Sin and Free Will

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 414 to 418

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#442 – A History of the Catholic Church – Preparation for Ephesus

Emperor Theodosius II decides to call a council in the city of Ephesus in the hopes of making peace between Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius of Constantinople. Sides are chosen and lines are drawn for the upcoming struggle for the faith.

Links:
Icon of Cyril of Alexandria and the Mother of God.

Pope Celestine I’s letter to the synod of Ephesus

Documents related to the history of the Council of Ephesus

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#442 – A History of the Catholic Church – Preparation for Ephesus

#441 – A History of the Catholic Church – Twelve Anathemas

Nestorius finds himself condemned by synods in Rome and Alexandria, but just as things seem to be going Cyril’s way – his Twelve Anathemas drive a huge wedge into the Eastern Church

Links:
Painting of Cyril of Alexandria and the Mother of God. Photo taken by José Goncalves.

Pope Cyril of Alexandria’s Third Letter to Nestorius and the Twelve Anathemas

Pope Celestine of Rome’s letter to Nestorius

Bishop Theodoret of Cyrus’ responses to Cyril’s Anathemas

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#441 – A History of the Catholic Church – Twelve Anathemas

#440 – A History of the Catholic Church – Hypostatic Union

Cyril of Alexandria asserts his own theology of Christ in response to the arguments of Nestorius and the Christological Controversy continues to intensify.

Links:
Icon of Christ treading the beasts by José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro.

Cyril of Alexandria – Scholia on the incarnation of the Only-Begotten and That Christ is One

Cyril of Alexandria’s Second Letter to Nestorius and Nestorius’ response

Raymond Brown on the importance of Christ’s humanity and divinity

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#440 – A History of the Catholic Church – Hypostatic Union

#439 – A History of the Catholic Church – Prosopon of Union

The controversy over using the term Theotokos intensifies and we examine the Christology of Nestorius in greater detail.

Links:
Icon of Jesus “Not Made By Human Hands”.

Proclus’ Homily on the Annunciation

Works by Nestorius

Additional material explaining Nestorius’ terminology and difference with Cyril of Alexandria

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#439 – A History of the Catholic Church – Prosopon of Union

#438 – A History of the Catholic Church – Christotokos

After looking at the Antiochene tradition in Christology, we see how tensions between the Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius of Constantinople heat up over the appropriateness of calling Mary the Mother of God.

Links:
Icon of Christ. The eyes are said to reflect Christ’s divinity and humanity.

On Theodore of Mopsuestia

More on Theodore of Mopsuestia’s Christology

Comparison between Alexandrine and Antiochine approaches to Christology

The Sub Tuum Praesidium hymn that makes reference to the Theotokos

Cassian’s Seven Books Against Nestorius

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To listen, just click on the link below:
#438 – A History of the Catholic Church – Christotokos

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 409-413

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#409 – Augustine and Chrysostom
#410 – The Conflict over Origen – Round Three
#411 – The Conflict over Origen – Round Four
#412 – The Synod of the Oak
#413 – The Controversy over Chrysostom

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 409 to 413

#437 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Oncoming Storm

Challenges face the Church in both the Western and Eastern halves of the Empire. The Vandals invade North Africa and lay siege to Augustine’s city of Hippo. Nestorius becomes bishop of Constantinople.

Links:
Portrait of Nestorius by Romeyn de Hooghe

Apollinaris on Christology

Alexandria and Antioch

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#437 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Oncoming Storm

#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

As with the monks of Africa, the monks of Gaul also have problems with Augustine’s views on predestination. Two monks from Gaul, John Cassian and Vincent of Lérins, are often mentioned as critics of Augustine – indeed they are sometimes called Semipelagians. Plus, the problem of Pelagianism in Britain.

Links:
Icon of John Cassian

Augustine – On the Predestination of the Saints and On the Gift of Perseverence

Cassian’s Thirteenth Conference

Barrett, Anthony A. “Saint Germanus and the British Missions.” Britannia 40 (2009): 197-218.

Casiday, A. M. C. “Grace and the Humanity of Christ According to St Vincent of Lérins.” Vigiliae Christianae 59, no. 3 (2005): 298-314.

Casiday, Augustine. “Rehabilitating John Cassian: an Evaluation of Prosper of Aquitaine’s Polemic against the ‘Semipelagians.’” Scottish Journal of Theology 58, no. 3 (2005): 270–84.

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#436 – A History of the Catholic Church – Cassian and Grace

#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

We return to the declining fortunes of the West as Emperor Honorius dies and leaves the throne in the hands of a child. Meanwhile, in North Africa, Augustine finds himself once more forced to explain his views on grace and predestination.

Links:
Painting of Saint Augustine in his study by Sandro Botticelli

Map of Praefecture of Illyricum

Letters of Augustine to Valentinus on free will and predeterminism

Augustine On Grace and Free Will

Augustine On Rebuke and Grace

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To listen, just click on the link below:
#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism