#358 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Apostate

The death of Constantius II on the eve of civil war paves the way for the ascension of his cousin Julian to power and the restoration of the pagan emperors and the Church finds itself under imperial persecution once again.

Links:

Image of Coin of Julian by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Julian’s laws against the Christians can be found here

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#358 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Apostate

#357 – A History of the Catholic Church – Triumph of Arianism

We continue to look at the different sides of the Trinitarian Controversy: the homoean Arians – who said the Father was like the Son “according to the Scriptures” and the neo-Arians – who said the Father was unlike the Son in nature. The faith of Liberius, bishop of Rome, fails as the “whole world groans to find itself Arian”.

Links:

Image of Athanasius Constantius II on horseback.

Image of Felix II at Basilica of Saint Paul’s Outside the Walls

Golden Legend on Felix II

Creed of 360 Council of Constantinople

T. D. Barnes, “The Capitulation of Liberius and Hilary of Poiters”, Phoenix, Vol. 46, No. 3, (Autumn 1992), pp. 256-265.

E. D. Hunt. “Christians and Christianity in Ammianus Marcellinus”, Classical Quarterly, 35, 186-200, 1985

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#357 – A History of the Catholic Church – Triumph of Arianism

#356 – A History of the Catholic Church – Athanasius Contra Mundum

Constantius II moves against the bishops of the West, including bishop Liberius of Rome, in his desire to establish a common theology and obtain an empire wide condemnation of Athanasius. The Nicene/Eusebian division becomes more complicated as we look at the homoousions – those who said the Father had the same nature as the Son and the homoiousions – those who said that the Father had a similar nature to the Son.

Links:

Image of Athanasius

Trial of Liberius of Rome

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#356 – A History of the Catholic Church – Athanasius Contra Mundum

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 324 – 328

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#324 – Divine Procurator
#325 – If You Wish To Be Perfect
#326 – Natalia and the New Eve
#327 – Holding Festival In Our Whole Life
#328 – Sol Invictus

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 324 to 328

#355 – A History of the Catholic Church – Fighters for Christ

The Trinitarian Controversy continues to divide the Church and the Donatist Controversy breaks out again. Constans is overthrown and Constantius II emerges triumphant, much to the dread of the Western Church. Things aren’t looking good.

Links:

Image of Constans

345 Macrostich/Long-lined Creed

351 Creed of Sirmium

Maureen A. Tilley, “Sustaining Donatist Self-Identity: From the Church of the Martyrs to the Collecta of the Desert”, Journal of Early Christian Studies, 5.1, 1997, pp. 21-35.

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#355 – A History of the Catholic Church – Fighters for Christ

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 319-323

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#319 – “Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds”
#320 – How Man Should Become Godly
#321 – All Things Within Its Compass
#322 – With Hearts Laid Open To God
#323 – The Dionysii

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 319 to 323

#354 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sons of Constantine

The death of Constantine finds the empire divided among his relatives and the Church divided between the Nicenes and the Eusebians – none of whom work well together.

Links:

Image of Constantine with his three sons

Map of empire divided among Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans

The many creeds of the many councils in the 4th century – including the 341 Council of Antioch, the 343 Council of Sardica and the 343 Council of Philippopolis

The Holy Notaries

Jorg Ulrich, “Nicaea and the West”, Vigiliae Christianae 51, pp. 20-24.

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#354 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sons of Constantine

#353 – A History of the Catholic Church – Constantine and the Church

The legacy of Constantine continues to effect different understandings of the history of the Church. For some, Constantine is the model Christian ruler. For others, Constantine corrupted the Christianity. In this episode, we will look at Constantine’s legacy in terms of the Church’s relation to the State and the treatment of those deemed outside the Church.

Links:

Image of Statue of Constantine by Jean-Christophe Benoist

Section of Lactantius’ “Divine Institutes” on forebearance.

Elizabeth DePalma Digeser, “Lactantius, Porphyry, and the Debate over Religious Toleration”, The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 88, 1988, pp. 129-146.

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#353 – A History of the Catholic Church – Constantine and the Church

#352 – A History of the Catholic Church – Anathematizations and Glorifications

In his final years, Constantine continues to have a profound effect on the Church and the Trinitarian Controversy moves in a new direction with the death of Arius. We also look at the development of the Canonical Scriptures and the importance of the Roman Army on the expansion of Christianity.

Links:

Image of Raphael’s Baptism of Constantine.

Information on Marcellus of Ancyra

Icon showing death of Arius

Eusebius and Athanasius on the Scriptures

Lead tank used by Roman army for baptisms

Images of the Church of the Holy Apostles can be found here and here.

Apotheosis of Constantine

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#352 – A History of the Catholic Church – Anathematizations and Glorifications

#351 – A History of the Catholic Church – Nicenes and Eusebians

The Council of Nicaea did not resolve the controversy over the relationship between the Father and the Son, despite the wishes of Constantine. Indeed, as theology and politics and personalities become more intertwined, the Trinitarian Controversy becomes more intense.

Links:

Image of Constantine burning Arius’ books.

Timothy Barnes, “The Exile and Recalls of Arius”, Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. 60, No. 1, April 2009, 109-129.

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#351 – A History of the Catholic Church – Nicenes and Eusebians