Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 334-338

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#334 – Martyrs and Apostates
#335 – Tetrarchs and Traditors
#336 – In This Sign
#337 – The Rise Of Christendom
#338 – The Council Of Arles

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 334 to 338

#362 – A History of the Catholic Church – Harp of the Holy Spirit

Saint Ephrem the Syrian wrote thousands of lines of poetry designed for the teaching of the faith. His work helped Christians to experience the mystery and power of the faith and he is one of Syriac Christianity’s greatest theologians.

Links:

Image of Ephrem the Syrian

Ephrem the Syrian’s “Hymns on Paradise”

Collection of works by Ephrem the Syrian

Benedict XV on Ephrem the Syrian

Benedict XVI on Ephrem the Syrian

Sidney H. Griffith, “A Spiritual Father for the Whole Church: The Universal Appeal of St. Ephrem the Syrian,” Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies, Vol. 1.2, 1998, pp. 197-220.

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#362 – A History of the Catholic Church – Harp of the Holy Spirit

#361 – A History of the Catholic Church – Kesate Birhan

The first half of the 4th century saw the continued expansion of Christianity into lands outside the Roman Empire. Ulfilas will bring homoean Arianism to the Goths. Frumentius will bring homoousianism to the Kingdom of Axum – modern Ethiopia. In the Sassanid Empire, Christians find themselves under a persecution that will dwarf anything experienced under Decian and Diocletian.

Links:

Image of Ulfilas

Map of Gothic Lands

The Gothic Alphabet of Ulfilas

The Our Father in Gothic

Map of Kingdom of Axum

The Our Father in Ge’ez

The Ezana Stone showing the adoption of Christianity by the Kingdom of Axum

Letter of Constantius II to King Ezana

On Ethiopia and the Ark of the Covenant

Stories of the Persian Martyrs

S. P. Brock, “Christians in the Sasanian Empire: A Case of Divided Loyalties”, Studies in Church History 18, 1982, pp. 1-19

Chistopher Haas, “Mountain Constantines: The Christianization of Aksum and Iberia”, Journal of Late Antiquity, 1.1 (Spring 2008), pp. 101-126.

Hagith Sivan, “Ulfila’s Own Conversion”, The Harvard Theological Review, Vol 89, No. 4, (Oct. 1996), pp. 373-386.

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#361 – A History of the Catholic Church – Kesate Birhan

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 329-333

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#329 – The Manifestation of Our Lord
#330 – The Thundering Legion
#331 – Marked With The Seal
#332 – The Illuminator and the Emperor
#333 – The Impious On Earth

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 329 to 333

#360 – A History of the Catholic Church – Depicting the Power of Christ

After the death of Julian, we look at the brief reign of Jovian as well as important expressions of Christian culture at this time. The poetry of Faltonia Betitia Proba shows how Christians were able to use the styles of pagan authors such as Virgil to express Christian teaching. The Dogmatic Sarcophagus and the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus show developments in the Christian representation of Jesus Christ and the Trinity.

Links:

Image of Faltonia Betitia Proba

On the Vetus Latina or Old Latin Bible

Selections from the poetry of Faltonia Betitia Proba – begins on page 170.

Writings of Apollinaris the Elder and Younger – Christus Patiens and the Psalms in Hexameter – both in Greek

Images of the Dogmatic Sarcophagus

Smarthistory video on the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

Wikipedia has several images of the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

Example of the adventus image of Marcus Aurelius

The Traditio Legis image

Images of Jesus and Christians as Sheep on Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

The Projecta Casket with dedication to live in Christ along with images of Venus

The Hinton St. Mary Mosaic with image of Christ and of Bellerophon slaying the Chimerea

Cătălina Mărmureanu, Gianina Cernescu, Laura Lixandru, Early Christian Women Writiers: The Interesting Lives and Works of Faltonia Betitia Proba and Athenais-Eudocia, Bucharest 2008.

Sigrid Schottenius, “Typology and the Cento of Proba”, Quarderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica, Vol. 95, No. 2, (2010), pp. 43-51.

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#360 – A History of the Catholic Church – Depicting the Power of Christ

#359 – A History of the Catholic Church – You have won, Galilean

Julian continues his attack on the Christian Church and Athanasius attempts to end the schism of the Church in Antioch, but neither gets what they hoped for as Meletius of Antioch resists Athanasius and Julian falls in battle.

Links:

Image of Icon of Saint Mercurius slaying Julian

Julian’s anti-Christian Against the Galilaeans

The 360 Council of Constantinople’s Tomus ad Antiochenos

Maps showing Julian’s war on the Sassanids

A different image of Saint Mercurius slaying Julian

H. C. Teitler, “Ammianus, Libanius, Chrysostomus and the Martyrs of Antioch”, Vigiliae Christianiae 67, (2013) pp. 263-288.

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#359 – A History of the Catholic Church – You have won, Galilean

#358 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Apostate

The death of Constantius II on the eve of civil war paves the way for the ascension of his cousin Julian to power and the restoration of the pagan emperors and the Church finds itself under imperial persecution once again.

Links:

Image of Coin of Julian by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Julian’s laws against the Christians can be found here

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#358 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Apostate

#357 – A History of the Catholic Church – Triumph of Arianism

We continue to look at the different sides of the Trinitarian Controversy: the homoean Arians – who said the Father was like the Son “according to the Scriptures” and the neo-Arians – who said the Father was unlike the Son in nature. The faith of Liberius, bishop of Rome, fails as the “whole world groans to find itself Arian”.

Links:

Image of Athanasius Constantius II on horseback.

Image of Felix II at Basilica of Saint Paul’s Outside the Walls

Golden Legend on Felix II

Creed of 360 Council of Constantinople

T. D. Barnes, “The Capitulation of Liberius and Hilary of Poiters”, Phoenix, Vol. 46, No. 3, (Autumn 1992), pp. 256-265.

E. D. Hunt. “Christians and Christianity in Ammianus Marcellinus”, Classical Quarterly, 35, 186-200, 1985

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#357 – A History of the Catholic Church – Triumph of Arianism

#356 – A History of the Catholic Church – Athanasius Contra Mundum

Constantius II moves against the bishops of the West, including bishop Liberius of Rome, in his desire to establish a common theology and obtain an empire wide condemnation of Athanasius. The Nicene/Eusebian division becomes more complicated as we look at the homoousions – those who said the Father had the same nature as the Son and the homoiousions – those who said that the Father had a similar nature to the Son.

Links:

Image of Athanasius

Trial of Liberius of Rome

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#356 – A History of the Catholic Church – Athanasius Contra Mundum

Catholic: Under The Hood Classics – Episodes 324 – 328

classics

Presenting more of the back episodes of the History of the Catholic Church series no longer on the main podcast feed.

Episodes in this volume:
#324 – Divine Procurator
#325 – If You Wish To Be Perfect
#326 – Natalia and the New Eve
#327 – Holding Festival In Our Whole Life
#328 – Sol Invictus

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Catholic: Under The Hood Episodes 324 to 328