Tag Archives: Jerome

#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

While adult baptism was the norm at the end of the 4th century, sometimes there were exceptions. Moreover, as the Church increasingly encouraged earlier baptisms, so did the number of those needing to avail themselves of the possibility of reconciliation increase.

Links:

Painting of Saint Fabiola by Jean-Jacques Henner

Basil of Caesarea’s recommended penances for serious sins

Letter of Saint Jerome on Saint Fabiola

Ambrose’s Eulogy of Valentinian II – important in development of theology of Baptism of Desire

Ambrose on Penance – Book I and Book II

Apostolic Constitutions – Book VIII, Chapter 9 concerns penance

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#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

#383 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Priscillian – Part II

Priscillian’s triumphant return to Hispania does not last long. He faces renewed charges of heresy and sorcery and his fate is placed in the hands of the new emperor Magnus Maximus.

Links:
Photo of gem engraved with image of the Crucifixion courtesy of the British Museum.

Pope Leo I’s letter on the errors of the Priscillians

Augustine on Priscillians

Acts of the Council of Toledo [in Spanish]

Virginia Burrus, The Making of a Heretic: Gender, Authority, and the Priscillianist Controversy

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#383 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Priscillian – Part II

#380 – A History of the Catholic Church – Virgin and Mother

The debates over the comparative worth of marriage and virginity in Rome, not suprisingly, also lead to debates over the Christian understanding of Mary as a model of the faith and the early steps toward the doctrine of Mary’s perpetual virginity.

Links:
Gold-glass image of Mary with Saints Peter and Paul by Rama

The Protoevangelium of James

Jerome’s The Perpetual Virginity of Mary Against Helvidius

Hunter, David G. (Spring 1993). “Helvidius, Jovinian, and the Virginity of Mary in Late Fourth-Century Rome”. Journal of Early Christian Studies. Johns Hopkins University Press. Vol. 1 (number 1): pp. 47–71

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#380 – A History of the Catholic Church – Virgin and Mother

#375 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Hebrew Verity

Having revised the Latin Gospels, Jerome undertakes the much heavier task of translating the Hebrew Old Testament. However, Jerome’s decision to reject the Septuagint is met with significant opposition. Moreover, Jerome’s work contributes to a changing understanding of what it means to be a monk.

Links:
Painting of Saint Jerome in his study by Antonello da Messina

Writings of Jerome, including commentaries

Jerome’s prefaces to his scriptural translations

Correspondence between Jerome and Augustine about his translations and the Septuagint

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#375 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Hebrew Verity

#374 – A History of the Catholic Church – Jerome Versus Ambrosiaster

After a brief examination of the 382 Synod of Rome and Damasus’ views on the primacy of the bishop of Rome, we look at the first part of Jerome’s work on the Vulgate – his revision of the Gospels. Today Jerome is praised for his work on what will become the official Latin version of the New Testament. However, that was not so much the case at the beginning.

Links:
Painting of Saint Jerome by José de Ribera

The Damasine List of Canonical Scriptures reputedly accepted at the 382 Synod of Rome

Resources on the Vetus Latina or Old Latin Scriptures

Peter Lorenz’ blog posts on Jerome, Ambrosiaster and their conflict over the validity of the Vetus Latina

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#374 – A History of the Catholic Church – Jerome Versus Ambrosiaster