Tag Archives: Jerome

#407 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Two

The peace between Jerome and Rufinus did not last long as the controversy over Origen erupts in the West. Friendships are broken and the faithful are divided.

Links:

Image of Rufinus by Frederick Bloemaert.

Rufinus:
Selections from Rufinus’ Apology for Origen
Rufinus’ letter to Pope Anastasius I

Jerome:
Friendly letter to Rufinus
Hostile letter about Rufinus
Apology against Rufinus

Pope Anastasius I:
Letter on errors of Origen

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#407 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Part Two

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#406 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Part One

Origen was one of the most prolific and influential theologians of the Early Church. But not everyone felt that his influence was positive. This week, we see why Origen was so controversial.

Links:

Image of Origen.

Attacks on Origen:
Bishop Methodius of Olympus:
On the Resurrection

Bishop Epiphanius of Salamis:
394 Letter to Bishop John of Jerusalem

Jerome:
398/399 Letter on Bishop John of Jerusalem

Defenses of Origen:
Gregory Thaumaturgus:
Oration to Origen

Pamphilius:
Defense of Origen

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#406 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Part One

#404 – A History of the Catholic Church – On Pilgrimage

Pilgrimage mania took hold in the 4th century as devotion to the saints increased. Increased pilgrims also led to the development of an infrastructure to support them. However, not everyone felt that increased desire for pilgrimage was a good thing.

Links:

The Burial Place of Jerome in Bethlehem by Bonio.

The feast of the Encaenia

Pilgrimage of Egeria

Map of Egeria’s pilgrimage

Paula’s letter on the Holy Places

On Paula and Eustochium

Jerome’s letter to Eustochium on Paula’s visit to the Holy Land

Gregory of Nyssa On Pilgrimages

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#404 – A History of the Catholic Church – On Pilgrimage

#403 – A History of the Catholic Church – Holy Relics

In this episode, we look at the veneration of the relics of the saints and the growing acceptance of the division of the bodies of saints among multiple shrines.

Links:

The Trier Ivory possibly showing the translation of the relics of Saint Stephen to Constantinople by Chris 73.

Reliquary of San Nazaro

Brescia Casket

List of saints having feast days according to Calendar of 354

The Hymn Apostolorum Passio sung on the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul

Jerome’s http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/3010.htmAgainst Vigilantius and Letter about Vigilantius on the validity of venerating relics

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#403 – A History of the Catholic Church – Holy Relics

#399 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Clerical Cursus Honorum

The first of a series on the state of the clergy at the end of the 4th century. This episode looks at the social background of the clergy, their formation, and the vow of celibacy.

Links:

Image of the the First Council of Constantinople

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#399 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Clerical Cursus Honorum

#398 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Defilement of Marriage

Jerome’s attack on Jovinian causes more problems than it solves. Augustine does better in his defense of the virtue of virginity. Ambrose continues to develop the theology of Mary’s in partu virginity.

Links:

Image of Holy Family with the Adoration of the Magi from the MCAD Library

On Bishop Bonosus

Jerome
Against Jovinianus
Jerome’s letters defending his attacks on Jovinian to Pammachius, a second letter to Pammachius, to Domnio

Augustine
On the Good of Marriage
On Holy Virginity
Augustine’s concerns about Jerome’s interpretation of St. Paul

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#398 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Defilement of Marriage

#397 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Jovinian

The controversy over the relative merits of marriage and virginity heats up again with the rise of Jovinian and his “new heresy”.

Links:

Image of Projecta Casket from the British Museum

Ambrose and Siricius on Jovinian – pages 280, 282

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#397 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Jovinian

#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

While adult baptism was the norm at the end of the 4th century, sometimes there were exceptions. Moreover, as the Church increasingly encouraged earlier baptisms, so did the number of those needing to avail themselves of the possibility of reconciliation increase.

Links:

Painting of Saint Fabiola by Jean-Jacques Henner

Basil of Caesarea’s recommended penances for serious sins

Letter of Saint Jerome on Saint Fabiola

Ambrose’s Eulogy of Valentinian II – important in development of theology of Baptism of Desire

Ambrose on Penance – Book I and Book II

Apostolic Constitutions – Book VIII, Chapter 9 concerns penance

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#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

#383 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Priscillian – Part II

Priscillian’s triumphant return to Hispania does not last long. He faces renewed charges of heresy and sorcery and his fate is placed in the hands of the new emperor Magnus Maximus.

Links:
Photo of gem engraved with image of the Crucifixion courtesy of the British Museum.

Pope Leo I’s letter on the errors of the Priscillians

Augustine on Priscillians

Acts of the Council of Toledo [in Spanish]

Virginia Burrus, The Making of a Heretic: Gender, Authority, and the Priscillianist Controversy

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#383 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Problem of Priscillian – Part II

#380 – A History of the Catholic Church – Virgin and Mother

The debates over the comparative worth of marriage and virginity in Rome, not suprisingly, also lead to debates over the Christian understanding of Mary as a model of the faith and the early steps toward the doctrine of Mary’s perpetual virginity.

Links:
Gold-glass image of Mary with Saints Peter and Paul by Rama

The Protoevangelium of James

Jerome’s The Perpetual Virginity of Mary Against Helvidius

Hunter, David G. (Spring 1993). “Helvidius, Jovinian, and the Virginity of Mary in Late Fourth-Century Rome”. Journal of Early Christian Studies. Johns Hopkins University Press. Vol. 1 (number 1): pp. 47–71

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#380 – A History of the Catholic Church – Virgin and Mother