Tag Archives: Pelagius

#427 – A History of the Catholic Church – Julian of Eclanum

Considered Augustine’s greatest theological adversary, Julian of Eclanum will pick up where Pelagius left off. His criticisms of Augustine’s teaching on Original Sin could not be ignored.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Boniface I

Augustine’s writings against Julian of Eclanum

Mathjis Lamberigts, “The Philosophical and Theological Background of Julian of Aeclanum’s Concept of Concupiscence”, in Therese Fuhrer (hg), Die christlich-philosophischen Diskurse der Spätantike: Texte, Personen, Institutionen: Akten der Tagung vom 22.-25. Februar 2006 am Zentrum für Antike und Moderne der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2008) (Philosophie der Antike, 28)

BeDuhn, Jason. “What Augustine (May Have) Learned from the Manicheaeans.” Augustinian Studies 43, no. 1/2 (2012): 35-48.

Eddy, Paul Rhodes. “Can a leopard change its spots?: Augustine and the crypto-Manichaeism question.” Scottish Journal of Theology 62, no. 3 (2009): 316-346.

Evans, Gillian R. “Neither a Pelagian nor a Manichee.” Vigiliae Christianae 35, no. 3 (1981): 232-44.

Lamberigts, Mathijs. “Competing Christologies: Julian and Augustine on Jesus Christ.” Augustinian Studies 36, no. 1 (2005): 159-194.

Scheppard, Carol. “The Transmission of Sin in the Seed: A Debate between Augustine of Hippo and Julian of Eclanum.” Augustinian Studies 27, no. 2 (1996): 99-108.

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#427 – A History of the Catholic Church – Julian of Eclanum

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#426 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tractoria of Zosimus

Pope Zosimus’ attempt to navigate the Pelagian Controversy runs up against the desires of the North African bishops, the bishops of Italy and Emperor Honorius. After Zosimus’ death, the Church of Rome again divides over his successor. A new figure rises to confront Augustine on the importance of free will.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Zosimus

Canons of the Council of Carthage 418

Letter of Julian of Eclanum to Pope Zosimus

Letter of Julian of Eclanum to Bishop Rufus of Thessalonica

Beck, J. H. (2007), The Pelagian Controversy: An Economic Analysis. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 66: 681–696.

Dunn, G. D. (2015), Imperial Intervention in the Disputed Roman Episcopal Election of 418/419. J Relig Hist, 39: 1–13.

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#426 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tractoria of Zosimus

#425 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome has Spoken

The Pelagian Controversy heats up in the West as the Church of North Africa and Pope Innocent I condemn Pelagius and Caelestius for heresy. Innocent’s successor, Pope Zosimus, runs into problems with the Church of Gaul.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Innocent I

Map of Hispania in 418 showing where the various tribes have settled.

Jerome on the attack on the Bethlehem monastery

Pelagius’ Letter and Confession of Faith to Pope Innocent I

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#425 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome has Spoken

#422 – A History of the Catholic Church – Predestination

This week we look at some of the reasons for the popularity of Augustine’s views on original sin and God’s grace as well as some of the more challenging aspects of his theology – such as his views on the fate of unbaptized infants and the divine predestination.

Links:
Painting of Augustine disputing with heretics by Vergós Group

International Theological Commission on the salvation of unbaptized infants

Augustine On the Predestination of the Saints

Fr. William Most on Augustine’s theology of grace and predestination

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#422 – A History of the Catholic Church – Pedestination

#421 – A History of the Catholic Church – God’s Gift of Grace

This week, we begin a two part examination of Augustine’s teaching on Original Sin and the need for God’s grace. As part of this examination, we note areas of difference between his theology and that of Pelagius.

Links:
Picture of Statue of Augustine standing atop Pelagius by GFreihalter

Augustine On the Grace of Christ and Original Sin

Letter from Augustine indicating possibility of salvation for pagans

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#421 – A History of the Catholic Church – God’s Gift of Grace

#420 – A History of the Catholic Church – God’s Gift of Free Will

After looking briefly at Pelagius’ response to Jerome’s attacks from last week, we take an extended examination of Pelagius’ theology of free will and the grace of God.

Links:
Image of Pelagius from the 1493 Nuremburg Chronicle.

Fragments from Pelagius’ works On Nature and On Free Will

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Christmas Wish List

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#420 – A History of the Catholic Church – God’s Gift of Free Will

#419 – A History of the Catholic Church – Preachers of Sinlessness

The Pelagian Controversy heats up as Saint Jerome finds serious problems with Pelagius’ views on free will and grace. Jerome, Augustine, and Pelagius vie for the support of the powerful Demetrias.

Links:
Image of Jerome mistakenly represented as a cardinal.

Augustine On Holy Virginity
Augustine’s later letter to Demetrias’ relatives

Pelagius’ letter to Demetrias
The Sentences of Sextus

Jerome’s letter to Demetrias
Jerome’s letter to Domnio referring to “unnamed monk”/possibly Pelagius
Jerome’s letter to Ctesiphon first making reference to Pelagius
Jerome Against the Pelagians

Differences between Traducianism and Creationism on the origin of the soul

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Christmas Wish List

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#419 – A History of the Catholic Church – Preachers of Sinlessness

#418 – A History of the Catholic Church – Sin and Free Will

This week we begin our look at the controversy over Pelagianism as the Church seeks to understand our capacity to do the good and avoid the evil. Differences in the views of the Churches of the East and North Africa will make establishing a common position much more difficult.

Links:

Calvinist print depicting Pelagius.

Augustine’s On Free Will and On Merit and the Forgiveness of Sins, and the Baptism of Infants

413 AD Letter of Augustine to Pelagius

411 AD Council of Carthage condemning Caelestius

415 AD Synod of Diaspolis at Lydda exonerating Pelagius

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Christmas Wish List

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#418 – A History of the Catholic Church – Sin and Free Will