Tag Archives: Emperor Honorius

#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

We return to the declining fortunes of the West as Emperor Honorius dies and leaves the throne in the hands of a child. Meanwhile, in North Africa, Augustine finds himself once more forced to explain his views on grace and predestination.

Links:
Painting of Saint Augustine in his study by Sandro Botticelli

Map of Praefecture of Illyricum

Letters of Augustine to Valentinus on free will and predeterminism

Augustine On Grace and Free Will

Augustine On Rebuke and Grace

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#435 – A History of the Catholic Church – Free Will and Monasticism

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#427 – A History of the Catholic Church – Julian of Eclanum

Considered Augustine’s greatest theological adversary, Julian of Eclanum will pick up where Pelagius left off. His criticisms of Augustine’s teaching on Original Sin could not be ignored.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Boniface I

Augustine’s writings against Julian of Eclanum

Mathjis Lamberigts, “The Philosophical and Theological Background of Julian of Aeclanum’s Concept of Concupiscence”, in Therese Fuhrer (hg), Die christlich-philosophischen Diskurse der Spätantike: Texte, Personen, Institutionen: Akten der Tagung vom 22.-25. Februar 2006 am Zentrum für Antike und Moderne der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg (Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2008) (Philosophie der Antike, 28)

BeDuhn, Jason. “What Augustine (May Have) Learned from the Manicheaeans.” Augustinian Studies 43, no. 1/2 (2012): 35-48.

Eddy, Paul Rhodes. “Can a leopard change its spots?: Augustine and the crypto-Manichaeism question.” Scottish Journal of Theology 62, no. 3 (2009): 316-346.

Evans, Gillian R. “Neither a Pelagian nor a Manichee.” Vigiliae Christianae 35, no. 3 (1981): 232-44.

Lamberigts, Mathijs. “Competing Christologies: Julian and Augustine on Jesus Christ.” Augustinian Studies 36, no. 1 (2005): 159-194.

Scheppard, Carol. “The Transmission of Sin in the Seed: A Debate between Augustine of Hippo and Julian of Eclanum.” Augustinian Studies 27, no. 2 (1996): 99-108.

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#427 – A History of the Catholic Church – Julian of Eclanum

#426 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tractoria of Zosimus

Pope Zosimus’ attempt to navigate the Pelagian Controversy runs up against the desires of the North African bishops, the bishops of Italy and Emperor Honorius. After Zosimus’ death, the Church of Rome again divides over his successor. A new figure rises to confront Augustine on the importance of free will.

Links:
Portrait of Pope Zosimus

Canons of the Council of Carthage 418

Letter of Julian of Eclanum to Pope Zosimus

Letter of Julian of Eclanum to Bishop Rufus of Thessalonica

Beck, J. H. (2007), The Pelagian Controversy: An Economic Analysis. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 66: 681–696.

Dunn, G. D. (2015), Imperial Intervention in the Disputed Roman Episcopal Election of 418/419. J Relig Hist, 39: 1–13.

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#426 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tractoria of Zosimus

#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

Alaric sacks the city of Rome. Augustine justifies the use of force to convert the Donatists to Catholicism.

Links:

Image of Christians of Rome saving holy vessels from Alaric and the Visigoths.

Map of Western Europe in 410 AD.

Augustine’s Treatise concerning the correction of the Donatists

Augustine’s letters justifying the use of state coercion

Material on Augustine’s views on religious coercion can be found here, here, and here.

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#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

The deposition and exile of John Chrysostom causes problems in the Church in the East and the West – persecutions, factions and the threat of a schism between Rome and Constantinople.

Links:

Icon of John Chrysostom.

Correspondence between Pope Innocent I of Rome and Bishop John Chrysostom

Letter of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria to Jerome on Chrysostom

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#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

#408 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Empire in Decline

After the death of Theodosius the Great, the Roman Empire found itself in a precarious situation. Augustine becomes bishop of Hippo.

Links:

Image of Pendant of Maria, daughter of Stilicho, with form of Christogram by PHGCOM.

Map of final division of Roman Empire at death of Theodosius the Great

Monastic Rule of Saint Augustine

Augustine’s writings against Manicheanism

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#408 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Empire in Decline