Tag Archives: Theophilus of Alexandria

#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

The deposition and exile of John Chrysostom causes problems in the Church in the East and the West – persecutions, factions and the threat of a schism between Rome and Constantinople.

Links:

Icon of John Chrysostom.

Correspondence between Pope Innocent I of Rome and Bishop John Chrysostom

Letter of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria to Jerome on Chrysostom

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#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

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#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

Theophilus of Alexandria arrives in Constantinople prepared to make war. Empress Eudoxia is enraged. John Chrysostom finds himself in a most precarious situation.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom going into exile.

Paladius on the crisis involving Chrysostom

Acts of the Synod of the Oak

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#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Four

In the West, Emperor Honorious declares war on the Donatists. In the East, Theophilus of Alexandria and Epiphanius of Salamis take on John Chrysostom.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom and Empress Eudoxia by Jean-Paul Laurens.

Lists of Canonical Scriptures throughout history

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#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Four

#410 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Three

Pope Theophilis of Alexandria and the monks of Nitria clash violently over the orthodoxy of Origen.

Links:

Image of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria.

Synodal letter of Theophilus condemning Origenism

Letter of Jerome to Theophilus on Origen

OCA commemoration of 10,000 Martyred Fathers

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#410 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Three

#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

In Hippo, Augustine tries to convince the Donatists to rejoin the Catholic Church. In Constantinople, John Chrysostom becomes bishop.

Links:

Icon of the Deaconess Olympias.

Map of the Dioceses of the Roman Empire in 400 AD

Augustine’s writings against the Donatists

Augustine’s Psalmus Contra Partem Donati in Latin

Life of Olympias the Deaconess

Chrysostom’s Letters to Olympias

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#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

#387 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Destruction of the Serapeum

Ambrose of Milan helps Theodosius after an unfortunate incident in Thessalonica. The complex and tumultuous relationship between Christians and Pagans is explored including Christian desecration of pagan temples such as the famous Serapeum of Alexandria.

Links:
Painting of Saint Ambrose barring Theodosius I from the Milan Cathedral by Anthony van Dyck.

Theodoret on the incident at Thessalonica

Rufinus on the destruction of the Serapeum

Photos of the ruins of the Serapeum today

Judith S. McKenzie, Shiela Gibson and A. T. Reyes. “Reconstructing the Serapeum in Alexandria from the Archaeological Evidence”. The Journal of Roman Studies. Vol. 94 (2004). 73-121.

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#387 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Destruction of the Serapeum