Tag Archives: John Chrysostom

#414 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of Stilicho

The Western Empire faces barbarian invasions and civil war. The Eastern treatment of Chrysostom breaks the Church in two.

Links:

Possible image of Stilicho and his family.

Map of the barbarian invasions of the Roman Empire

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#414 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of Stilicho

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#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

The deposition and exile of John Chrysostom causes problems in the Church in the East and the West – persecutions, factions and the threat of a schism between Rome and Constantinople.

Links:

Icon of John Chrysostom.

Correspondence between Pope Innocent I of Rome and Bishop John Chrysostom

Letter of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria to Jerome on Chrysostom

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#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

Theophilus of Alexandria arrives in Constantinople prepared to make war. Empress Eudoxia is enraged. John Chrysostom finds himself in a most precarious situation.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom going into exile.

Paladius on the crisis involving Chrysostom

Acts of the Synod of the Oak

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#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Four

In the West, Emperor Honorious declares war on the Donatists. In the East, Theophilus of Alexandria and Epiphanius of Salamis take on John Chrysostom.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom and Empress Eudoxia by Jean-Paul Laurens.

Lists of Canonical Scriptures throughout history

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#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Four

#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

In Hippo, Augustine tries to convince the Donatists to rejoin the Catholic Church. In Constantinople, John Chrysostom becomes bishop.

Links:

Icon of the Deaconess Olympias.

Map of the Dioceses of the Roman Empire in 400 AD

Augustine’s writings against the Donatists

Augustine’s Psalmus Contra Partem Donati in Latin

Life of Olympias the Deaconess

Chrysostom’s Letters to Olympias

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#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

#395 – A History of the Catholic Church – Singing with Voice and Heart

The Church continues to define authentically Christian music and its role in the liturgical and daily lives of the faithful as instrumental music is frowned upon, but hymns against heretical theology are encouraged.

Links:

Image of Papyrus with verses in Greek from Psalm
90

Ephrem the Syrian Hymn 22, Against Heresies

Niceta of Remesiana On the Benefit of Psalmody

David VanBrugge An Analysis of the Ancient Church Fathers on Instrumental Music

Jonathan Hehn, “Congregational Song as Theological Debate in Late Antiquity: A Case Study of Arius’s Thalia and the Development of Trinitarian Orthodoxy”. In: The Hymn: A Journal of Congregational Song, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2014, pp. 13-20.

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#395 – A History of the Catholic Church – Singing with Heart and Voice

#391 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the East

The fourth century saw important developments in the diversification of liturgical practice in the main cities of the Roman Empire while also continuing to express key theological doctrines. The way that Christians worshiped 1600 years ago continues to influence the way that Christians worship today.

Links:

Icon of Saint Basil the Great celebrating the liturgy

Brief description of the different Liturgical families and a <a href="chart showing their relationship

Euchologian of Serapion of Thumis
Anaphora/Eucharistic Prayer begins on page 60

The Apostolic Constitutions
Liturgy of The Apostolic Constitutions – the Liturgical texts begin in Book III

Liturgy of Saint James
Anaphora/Eucharistic Prayer
Full Liturgy of Saint James
Video of celebration of Liturgy of Saint James

Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great
Full Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil
Video of Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil

Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom
Full Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom
Video of Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom

Liturgy of Saint Mark/Cyril
Anaphroa/Eucharistic Prayer
Full Liturgy of Saint Mark
Video of Liturgy of Saint Cyril

Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil
Full Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil
Video of Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil

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#391 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the East

#389 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Baptism of Augustine

The Baptism of Augustine helps us better understand the practice and theology of the Initiation Rites at the end of the 4th century and the transforming power these rites were believed to possess.

Links:
Painting of the Baptism of St. Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

Photo of ruins of baptistery of Ambrose in Milan where Augustine was baptized

Ambrose – On the Mysteries/De Mysteriis

Ambrose – On the Sacraments/De Sacramentis

Augustine’s account of his baptism in the Confessions

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#389 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Baptism of Augustine

#386 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Judaizers

The relationship between Jews and Christians in the 4th century was greatly complicated. Christians, known as Judaizers, greatly admired the Jews. However, some Christian leaders such as Chrysostom and Ambrose spoke harshly of the Jews and saw them as a threat to the Church.

Links:
Photo of the Reliquary of the Maccabean martyrs by Hans Peter Schaefer.

John Chrysostom, “Eight Homilies Against the Judaizing Christians”

Ambrose’s letter to Theodosius on the destruction of the synagogue at Callinicum

Ambrose’s letter to Marcellina about confronting Theodosius over the synagogue at Callinicum

Michael J. Petrin, “Justifying the Cult of the Macabeean Martyrs”

Margaret Schatkin, “The Maccabean Martyrs”, Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Jun., 1974), pp. 97-113.

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#386 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Riot of Judaizers

#385 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Riot of the Statues

In the West, Ambrose triumphs over Valentinian thanks to a fortuitous discovery. In the East, John Chrysostom comes on the scene at a time of crisis for the city of Antioch.

Links:
Photo of the Brescia Casket.

Ambrose’s letter on the finding of the bones of SS. Gervasius and Protasius

The crypt of Ambrose with the relics of SS. Gervasius and Protasius

Wikipedia entry and pictures of the Brescia Casket

John Chrysostom’s Homilies on the Statues

Justin Stephens: A Pagan and Christian interpretation of the Riot of the Statues

Caroly Joslin Watson. “The Program of the Brescia Casket”. Gesta. Vol. 20. No. 2 (1981: 283-298.

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#385 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Riot of the Statues