Tag Archives: John Chrysostom

#447 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tome of Proclus

In the West, Carthage falls under the Vandals and Pope Sixtus III tries to hold onto control of his territory. In the East, the conflict between Alexandria and Antioch heats up again as Cyril and his allies turn against the memory of Theodore of Mopsuestia and Diodore of Tarsus. Armenia moves toward Cyrillian theology and John Chrysostom returns home.

Links:
Icon of Proclus of Constantinople.

Cyril of Alexandria’s Against Diodore and Theodore

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#447 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Tome of Proclus

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#432 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rehabilitations and Persecutions

The process of rehabilitating the legacy of John Chrysostom begins and the Persian Church finds itself under persecution once again.

Links:
The Martyrdom of Saint James the Persian

Bishop Atticus of Constantinople on the adding of John’s name to the diptychs
Pope Cyril of Alexandria’s response

Theodoret’s Historia Ecclesiastica on the persecution of the Persian Christians [5:38]

The Synod of Mar Dadiso/Dadyeshu

Herman, Geoffrey. The last years of Yazdgird I and the Christians. Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians: Religious Dynamics in a Sasanian Context. (Judaism in Context 17) Gorgias Press: Piscataway, 2014, pp. 67-90.

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#432 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rehabilitations and Persecutions

#414 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of Stilicho

The Western Empire faces barbarian invasions and civil war. The Eastern treatment of Chrysostom breaks the Church in two.

Links:

Possible image of Stilicho and his family.

Map of the barbarian invasions of the Roman Empire

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#414 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of Stilicho

#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

The deposition and exile of John Chrysostom causes problems in the Church in the East and the West – persecutions, factions and the threat of a schism between Rome and Constantinople.

Links:

Icon of John Chrysostom.

Correspondence between Pope Innocent I of Rome and Bishop John Chrysostom

Letter of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria to Jerome on Chrysostom

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#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

Theophilus of Alexandria arrives in Constantinople prepared to make war. Empress Eudoxia is enraged. John Chrysostom finds himself in a most precarious situation.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom going into exile.

Paladius on the crisis involving Chrysostom

Acts of the Synod of the Oak

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#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Four

In the West, Emperor Honorious declares war on the Donatists. In the East, Theophilus of Alexandria and Epiphanius of Salamis take on John Chrysostom.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom and Empress Eudoxia by Jean-Paul Laurens.

Lists of Canonical Scriptures throughout history

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#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Four

#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

In Hippo, Augustine tries to convince the Donatists to rejoin the Catholic Church. In Constantinople, John Chrysostom becomes bishop.

Links:

Icon of the Deaconess Olympias.

Map of the Dioceses of the Roman Empire in 400 AD

Augustine’s writings against the Donatists

Augustine’s Psalmus Contra Partem Donati in Latin

Life of Olympias the Deaconess

Chrysostom’s Letters to Olympias

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#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

#395 – A History of the Catholic Church – Singing with Voice and Heart

The Church continues to define authentically Christian music and its role in the liturgical and daily lives of the faithful as instrumental music is frowned upon, but hymns against heretical theology are encouraged.

Links:

Image of Papyrus with verses in Greek from Psalm
90

Ephrem the Syrian Hymn 22, Against Heresies

Niceta of Remesiana On the Benefit of Psalmody

David VanBrugge An Analysis of the Ancient Church Fathers on Instrumental Music

Jonathan Hehn, “Congregational Song as Theological Debate in Late Antiquity: A Case Study of Arius’s Thalia and the Development of Trinitarian Orthodoxy”. In: The Hymn: A Journal of Congregational Song, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2014, pp. 13-20.

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#395 – A History of the Catholic Church – Singing with Heart and Voice

#391 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the East

The fourth century saw important developments in the diversification of liturgical practice in the main cities of the Roman Empire while also continuing to express key theological doctrines. The way that Christians worshiped 1600 years ago continues to influence the way that Christians worship today.

Links:

Icon of Saint Basil the Great celebrating the liturgy

Brief description of the different Liturgical families and a <a href="chart showing their relationship

Euchologian of Serapion of Thumis
Anaphora/Eucharistic Prayer begins on page 60

The Apostolic Constitutions
Liturgy of The Apostolic Constitutions – the Liturgical texts begin in Book III

Liturgy of Saint James
Anaphora/Eucharistic Prayer
Full Liturgy of Saint James
Video of celebration of Liturgy of Saint James

Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great
Full Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil
Video of Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil

Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom
Full Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom
Video of Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom

Liturgy of Saint Mark/Cyril
Anaphroa/Eucharistic Prayer
Full Liturgy of Saint Mark
Video of Liturgy of Saint Cyril

Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil
Full Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil
Video of Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil

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#391 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the East

#389 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Baptism of Augustine

The Baptism of Augustine helps us better understand the practice and theology of the Initiation Rites at the end of the 4th century and the transforming power these rites were believed to possess.

Links:
Painting of the Baptism of St. Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

Photo of ruins of baptistery of Ambrose in Milan where Augustine was baptized

Ambrose – On the Mysteries/De Mysteriis

Ambrose – On the Sacraments/De Sacramentis

Augustine’s account of his baptism in the Confessions

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#389 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Baptism of Augustine