Tag Archives: Baptism

#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

While adult baptism was the norm at the end of the 4th century, sometimes there were exceptions. Moreover, as the Church increasingly encouraged earlier baptisms, so did the number of those needing to avail themselves of the possibility of reconciliation increase.

Links:

Painting of Saint Fabiola by Jean-Jacques Henner

Basil of Caesarea’s recommended penances for serious sins

Letter of Saint Jerome on Saint Fabiola

Ambrose’s Eulogy of Valentinian II – important in development of theology of Baptism of Desire

Ambrose on Penance – Book I and Book II

Apostolic Constitutions – Book VIII, Chapter 9 concerns penance

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#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

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#389 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Baptism of Augustine

The Baptism of Augustine helps us better understand the practice and theology of the Initiation Rites at the end of the 4th century and the transforming power these rites were believed to possess.

Links:
Painting of the Baptism of St. Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

Photo of ruins of baptistery of Ambrose in Milan where Augustine was baptized

Ambrose – On the Mysteries/De Mysteriis

Ambrose – On the Sacraments/De Sacramentis

Augustine’s account of his baptism in the Confessions

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#389 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Baptism of Augustine

#347 – A History of the Catholic Church -The Mysteries

Increasing numbers of Christians and the legalization of Christianity under Constantine motivate changes in the religious practice of the Christians – especially in the rites of Baptism, Chrismation and the Eucharist. We also look at changes in the practice of Penance and other practices that will later become known as Sacraments.

Links:

Image of the baptistry in Milan where Ambrose baptized Augustine – by Fr. Gaurav Shroff

Catechetical Lectures of Cyril of Jerusalem – the Mystagogical Lectures on Baptism, Chrismation and Eucharist begin with #19.

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#347 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Mysteries

#309 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tituli and Domus Ecclesiae

duraeuropos

We begin a two part series on Christian worship, beginning with the worship in the early Christian house churches – looking at the relationship of architecture, art and ritual practice. As the theology of Baptism and Eucharist develops, so will the architecture of the churches where Christians worship also change to reflect that theology. We will also look at how one of the Church’s texts of this time, the Didiscalia Apostolorum describes liturgical practice.

Links:

Image of Dura Europos domus ecclesiae by Marsyas

Information on the city of Dura Europos

Good presentations of the art at the Dura Europos domus ecclesiae can be found here and here.

A good diagram of the Dura Europos church can be found here.

Jeanne Halgren Kilde’s Sacred Power, Sacred Space has some good information on the dynamics of Christian worship at this time.

The Didascalia Apostolorum

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#309 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tituli and Domus Ecclesiae

#307 – A History of the Catholic Church – Acquiring for you a holy people

hippolytus

Having examined some of the different theologies about the relationship of the Father and the Son in the last episode, now we look at how conflicts over these theologies affected the history of the Church – particularly in the life of Hippolytus who would be known as one of the most influential Fathers of the Church and the first antipope.

In his conflict with Pope Callistus I, we see how conflict over theology touched on the very life of Christian faithful and that even saints could find themselves on opposite sides not just on the nature of God, but also on the nature of the Church.

Links:

Image: Roman sculpture, thought to be Hippolytus.

Hippolytus’ Apostolic Tradition

Hippolytus’ Refutation of All Heresies – Book IX addresses his conflict with the Bishops of Rome

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Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network”

To listen, just click on the link below:
#307 – A History of the Catholic Church – Acquiring for you a holy people