Category Archives: Imperial Church

#419 – A History of the Catholic Church – Preachers of Sinlessness

The Pelagian Controversy heats up as Saint Jerome finds serious problems with Pelagius’ views on free will and grace. Jerome, Augustine, and Pelagius vie for the support of the powerful Demetrias.

Links:
Image of Jerome mistakenly represented as a cardinal.

Augustine On Holy Virginity
Augustine’s later letter to Demetrias’ relatives

Pelagius’ letter to Demetrias
The Sentences of Sextus

Jerome’s letter to Demetrias
Jerome’s letter to Domnio referring to “unnamed monk”/possibly Pelagius
Jerome’s letter to Ctesiphon first making reference to Pelagius
Jerome Against the Pelagians

Differences between Traducianism and Creationism on the origin of the soul

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Christmas Wish List

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#419 – A History of the Catholic Church – Preachers of Sinlessness

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#418 – A History of the Catholic Church – Sin and Free Will

This week we begin our look at the controversy over Pelagianism as the Church seeks to understand our capacity to do the good and avoid the evil. Differences in the views of the Churches of the East and North Africa will make establishing a common position much more difficult.

Links:

Calvinist print depicting Pelagius.

Augustine’s On Free Will and On Merit and the Forgiveness of Sins, and the Baptism of Infants

413 AD Letter of Augustine to Pelagius

411 AD Council of Carthage condemning Caelestius

415 AD Synod of Diaspolis at Lydda exonerating Pelagius

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Christmas Wish List

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#418 – A History of the Catholic Church – Sin and Free Will

#417 – A History of the Catholic Church – No Salvation outside the Church

Continuing political and ecclesiastical conflict in the Western Europe. Donatist and Catholic bishops meet in Carthage, but the results are far from
happy for the Donatists. We take a look at the difference between the theology of the Donatists and Augustine.

comparison

Links:

Painting of Augustine arguing with the Donatists by Charles-André van Loo.

Donatist bishop Petilan on the theology of the Church

Augustine’s response to Petilan

Other sources for this week’s episode:
Maureen A. Tilley, “Dilatory Donatists or Procrastinating Catholics: The Trial at the Conference of Carthage”, Church History, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Mar., 1991), pp. 7-19

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#417 – A History of the Catholic Church – No Salvation Outside the Catholic Church

#416 – A History of the Catholic Church – The City of God

The Sack of Rome leads Christians to reassess the historical relationship between the Church and the State. Orosius goes in one direction. Augustine in another.

Links:

Woodcut of Augustine writing The City of God.

Orosius’ History Against the Pagans

Augustine’s The City of God

Augustine on the Six Ages of the World

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#416 – A History of the Catholic Church – The City of God

#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

Alaric sacks the city of Rome. Augustine justifies the use of force to convert the Donatists to Catholicism.

Links:

Image of Christians of Rome saving holy vessels from Alaric and the Visigoths.

Map of Western Europe in 410 AD.

Augustine’s Treatise concerning the correction of the Donatists

Augustine’s letters justifying the use of state coercion

Material on Augustine’s views on religious coercion can be found here, here, and here.

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#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

#414 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of Stilicho

The Western Empire faces barbarian invasions and civil war. The Eastern treatment of Chrysostom breaks the Church in two.

Links:

Possible image of Stilicho and his family.

Map of the barbarian invasions of the Roman Empire

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#414 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Fall of Stilicho

#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

The deposition and exile of John Chrysostom causes problems in the Church in the East and the West – persecutions, factions and the threat of a schism between Rome and Constantinople.

Links:

Icon of John Chrysostom.

Correspondence between Pope Innocent I of Rome and Bishop John Chrysostom

Letter of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria to Jerome on Chrysostom

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#413 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Controversy over Chrysostom

#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

Theophilus of Alexandria arrives in Constantinople prepared to make war. Empress Eudoxia is enraged. John Chrysostom finds himself in a most precarious situation.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom going into exile.

Paladius on the crisis involving Chrysostom

Acts of the Synod of the Oak

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#412 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Synod of the Oak

#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Four

In the West, Emperor Honorious declares war on the Donatists. In the East, Theophilus of Alexandria and Epiphanius of Salamis take on John Chrysostom.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom and Empress Eudoxia by Jean-Paul Laurens.

Lists of Canonical Scriptures throughout history

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#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Four

#410 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Three

Pope Theophilis of Alexandria and the monks of Nitria clash violently over the orthodoxy of Origen.

Links:

Image of Pope Theophilus of Alexandria.

Synodal letter of Theophilus condemning Origenism

Letter of Jerome to Theophilus on Origen

OCA commemoration of 10,000 Martyred Fathers

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#410 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Three