Tag Archives: Church Architecture

#464 – A History of the Catholic Church – Imagining the Holy

The first half of the 5th century sees significant changes in Christian artistic representation of Christ and the Virgin Mary in response to the growing power of the Church and the recent controversy over Mary as the Mother of God. Church construction also underwent some important developments both in terms of placement and architecture.

Links:
Image of from the Quedlinburg Itala.

Later image of the Hodegetria – perhaps similar to the image recovered by Empress Eudocia

Homily by Asterius of Amasea on wealthy wearing clothes covered with religious images

Mosaics at the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia – including mosaic of Good Shepherd

Photo of the wooden panels of the Basilica of Santa Sabina

Description of the wooden panels

The Maskell Passion Ivories

Old Testament Mosaics at Santa Maria Maggiore

Other images of the mosaics of Santa Maria Maggiore

Images of the architecture of Santa Sabina

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#464 – A History of the Catholic Church – Imagining the Holy

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#346 – A History of the Catholic Church – Saint Peter’s and the Holy Sepulchre

Constantine’s devotion to Christ and the Saints will inspire him to build churches at important sites of Christian pilgrimage most significantly at the reputed site of the tomb of Saint Peter in Rome and the tomb of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem. In turn, these pilgrimage site will play a powerful role in influencing the faith throughout the Roman Empire.

Links:

Image of the Constantinian Saint Peter’s Basilica

CONSTANTINIAN SAINT PETER’S BASILICA

Plans showing overlap of Nero’s Circus, Old Saint Peter’s and the Present Saint Peter’s Basilica
Images of architectural work under Saint Peter’s Basilica

Images of the exterior of the basilica can be found here
Interior of Old Saint Peter’s Basilica and here.

Video tour through 3-D reconstruction of Old Saint Peter’s Basilica
Rutika Parulkar and Shreyas Gavande, “The Making of Saint Peter’s Basilica” – pp. 4-8 have nice diagrams on the transformation of Vatican from cemetery to basilica and the relationship of basilica to important tombs underneath.
Several good images of Old Saint Peter’s Basilica

OTHER CONSTANTINIAN CHURCHES IN ROME
Isometric Reconstruction of Saint Laurence Outside the Walls in 330 AD

CHURCH OF THE HOLY SEPULCHRE

Exterior of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Interior Plan of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and here and here.

Church of the Nativity and here.

Anonymous Pilgrim of Bordeaux
The Pilgrim Egeria

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Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

To listen, just click on the link below:
#346 – A History of the Catholic Church – Saint Peter’s and the Holy Sepulchre

#345 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Basilica

The promotion of Christianity under Constantine brought with it a rapidly growing Christian population and a need for new places of worship. Christians will look to the model of the imperial basilica for their new churches, but not without modifying them to meet their needs. In turn the new basilicas, beginning with Saint John Lateran, will influence the way the Christians lived and experienced their faith.

Links:

Image of Saint John Lateran as it is today by Livioandronico2013

BACKGROUND
Map of Rome’s Titular Churches
Catacomb church of Saint Agnes Outside the Walls

IMPERIAL BASILICAS

Plan and images of the Basilica Ulpia of Emperor Trajan
Plan and images of Constantine’s Basilica at Trier can be found here, here, and here

SAINT JOHN LATERAN
Plan of Saint John Lateran
Comparison of old and new Saint John Lateran
Isometric reconstruction of Old Saint John Lateran

David Tyler Thayer, “The Lateran Baptistery: Memory, Space, and Baptism” includes many images and diagrams of the Lateran Baptistery.

GENERAL
Bernard Dick has a good article with nice images of Constantine’s churches

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

To listen, just click on the link below:
#345 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Basilica