Category Archives: Liturgy

#396 – A History of the Catholic Church – Ensorcelled By Your Hymns

Great hymnists such as Hilary of Poitiers, Ambrose of Milan, and Prudentius set the foundation for the development of the expression of faith in song – especially in the Western Church.

Links:

Mosaic of Ambrose of Milan

Hilary of Poitiers
Reputed hymns of Hilary of Poitiers – in Latin

Ambrose of Milan
Veni Redemptor Gentium in Latin, in English
Version used in this episode by St. Barnabas Apostle and Martyr Church

Prudentius
Hymns
Verses from Hymn for the Lighting of the Lamps in Latin by Maria Lectrix
Of the Father’s Love Begotten in Latin, in English

Te Deum
Used in this episode

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#396 – A History of the Catholic Church – Ensorcelled By Your Hymns

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#395 – A History of the Catholic Church – Singing with Voice and Heart

The Church continues to define authentically Christian music and its role in the liturgical and daily lives of the faithful as instrumental music is frowned upon, but hymns against heretical theology are encouraged.

Links:

Image of Papyrus with verses in Greek from Psalm
90

Ephrem the Syrian Hymn 22, Against Heresies

Niceta of Remesiana On the Benefit of Psalmody

David VanBrugge An Analysis of the Ancient Church Fathers on Instrumental Music

Jonathan Hehn, “Congregational Song as Theological Debate in Late Antiquity: A Case Study of Arius’s Thalia and the Development of Trinitarian Orthodoxy”. In: The Hymn: A Journal of Congregational Song, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2014, pp. 13-20.

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#395 – A History of the Catholic Church – Singing with Heart and Voice

#392 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the West

The Western Empire experiences the rise of the Gallic and Roman liturgical families and we see the first mentions of the importance of the Words of Institution in Western Eucharistic theology. Emperor Theodosius constructs the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls.

Links:

Photo of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls

Gallic Liturgy
Latin text including Gallic Mass

Ambrosian Liturgy
Text of the Liturgy in English
Resources on the Ambrosian Liturgy

Roman Liturgy
De Sacramentis

Article on the Epiclesis

Saint Paul Outside the Walls

Minor Basilicas mentions in the episode
Sant’Anastasia al Palatino
San Clemente al Laterano
San Lorenzo in Damaso
Santi Nereo e Achilleo
Santa Pudenziana

Daniel Callam, CSB. “The Frequency of Mass in the Latin Church ca. 400”, Theological Studies. 45. 1984.

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#392 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the West

#391 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the East

The fourth century saw important developments in the diversification of liturgical practice in the main cities of the Roman Empire while also continuing to express key theological doctrines. The way that Christians worshiped 1600 years ago continues to influence the way that Christians worship today.

Links:

Icon of Saint Basil the Great celebrating the liturgy

Brief description of the different Liturgical families and a <a href="chart showing their relationship

Euchologian of Serapion of Thumis
Anaphora/Eucharistic Prayer begins on page 60

The Apostolic Constitutions
Liturgy of The Apostolic Constitutions – the Liturgical texts begin in Book III

Liturgy of Saint James
Anaphora/Eucharistic Prayer
Full Liturgy of Saint James
Video of celebration of Liturgy of Saint James

Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great
Full Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil
Video of Greek Liturgy of Saint Basil

Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom
Full Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom
Video of Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom

Liturgy of Saint Mark/Cyril
Anaphroa/Eucharistic Prayer
Full Liturgy of Saint Mark
Video of Liturgy of Saint Cyril

Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil
Full Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil
Video of Coptic Liturgy of Saint Basil

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#391 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the East

#345 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Basilica

The promotion of Christianity under Constantine brought with it a rapidly growing Christian population and a need for new places of worship. Christians will look to the model of the imperial basilica for their new churches, but not without modifying them to meet their needs. In turn the new basilicas, beginning with Saint John Lateran, will influence the way the Christians lived and experienced their faith.

Links:

Image of Saint John Lateran as it is today by Livioandronico2013

BACKGROUND
Map of Rome’s Titular Churches
Catacomb church of Saint Agnes Outside the Walls

IMPERIAL BASILICAS

Plan and images of the Basilica Ulpia of Emperor Trajan
Plan and images of Constantine’s Basilica at Trier can be found here, here, and here

SAINT JOHN LATERAN
Plan of Saint John Lateran
Comparison of old and new Saint John Lateran
Isometric reconstruction of Old Saint John Lateran

David Tyler Thayer, “The Lateran Baptistery: Memory, Space, and Baptism” includes many images and diagrams of the Lateran Baptistery.

GENERAL
Bernard Dick has a good article with nice images of Constantine’s churches

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#345 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Basilica

#283 – Te Deum

The Te Deum is one of the oldest and most important hymns of the Catholic Church. It has pride of place at the most important celebrations of the Church. Many composers have written their own versions of the hymn, including one composer whose Te Deum cost him his life.

Links:
The Te Deum in Latin and English
Te Deum in Latin chant
Part of Lully’s Te Deum
The Te Matrem Dei laudamus te can be found in Latin and English
The Enthronement of Metropolitan William Skurla

Sources:
Blackburn, Bonnie J. “‘Te Matrem Dei Laudamus:’ A Study in the Musical Veneration of Mary.” The Musical Quarterly 53, no. 1 (January 1, 1967): 53–76.
Julian, John. “Te Deum”. A Dictionary of Hymnology, Setting Forth the Origin and History of Christian Hymns of All Ages and Nations. New York: Dover Publications, 1957: 1119-1134.
Springer, Carl P.E. “Nicetas and the Authorship of the Te Deum”. Studia Patristica 33. (Leuven: Peeters Press, 1997): 325-331.

Image: Saint Ambrose baptizes Saint Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

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podcasticon#283 – Te Deum”

#254 – The Congolese Rite

From the earliest days of the Church, Catholics have sought how to best express the eternal truths of the faith in their own distinctive cultural experience. While the Catholic faith came to the Democratic Republic of the Congo through European missionaries, the Congolese people have sought liturgical expressions which come from the Spirit that truly dwells among them.

Links:
Photos of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger celebrating the Congolese Rite.
Videos of Congolese worship can be found here, here, and here.
Photo of Lubumbashi Cathedral in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by Nick Hobgood

Other sources:
Egbulem, O.P., Chris Nwaka. “An African Interpretation of Liturgical Inculturation”. A Promise of Presence. Edited by Michael Downey and Richard Fragomeni. 1992. pp. 227-259.

Egbulem, O. P, Christ Nwaka. The Power of Africentric Celebrations. Inspirations from the Zairean Liturgy. 1996.

Tovey, Philip. Inculturation of Christian Worship: Exploring the Eucharist. 2004.

CNMC – Catholic New Media Celebration

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podcasticon#254 – The Congolese Rite

Today in Catholic History – The End of the Sacrament House

On 21 August 1863, the Sacred Congregation of Rites prohibited the placing of the Blessed Sacrament in what was called a Sacrament House.

For much of Catholic History there were no uniform regulations regarding the placement of the Blessed Sacrament other that the location where the Sacrament was kept be secure and visible. Some churches kept the Blessed Sacrament in the sacristy, some in receptacles above the altar, some in tabernacles on the altar and some in cabinets in walls constructed like a tower called the “Sacrament House”. Sacrament Houses were particularly popular in churches built in medieval Germany, Switzerland, and Belgium.

These towers would be close to the altar but not attached to it. Usually on the north side of the church. The Blessed Sacrament would be kept behind a door of metal lattice so that the faithful could see the reserved Sacrament at all times.

The chief reason why the Sacred Congregation of Rites came to prohibit Sacrament Houses was the desire to move to the common use of tabernacles as the proper location for the placement of the Blessed Sacrament.

Here are some examples of Sacrament Houses.

#211 – Catholic Schools versus the KKK

catholicschool

In the 1920’s the Ku Klux Klan tried to shut down Catholic and other private schools in Oregon in the name of protecting American values. The effects of this would go all the way to the Supreme Court and help define human rights in the United States even today. Plus, the Eucharistic Prayer in the East and the West

Links:
Pierce vs Society of School Sisters Supreme Court Decision
The Ku Klux Klan’s attempts to abolish Catholic Schools in Washington and Oregon

See also:
David B. Tyack. “The Perils of Pluralism: The Background of the Pierce Case,”American Historical Review, Vol. 74, No. 1 (Oct., 1968), pp. 74–98

Plus a new book coming out on the case:
Cross Purposes by Paula Abrams

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podcasticon#211 – Catholic Schools versus the KKK

#202 – Confession and Communion – Part II

itunesconfession

In the second part of our examination of the relationship between Confession and Communion we look at developments from the Council of Trent up to the present and see how the Church once again emphasized the Eucharist as a means of forgiveness and healing.

Links:
SQPN website and SQPN Connect Community

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podcasticon# 202 – Confession and Communion- Part II