Tag Archives: Donatists

#417 – A History of the Catholic Church – No Salvation outside the Church

Continuing political and ecclesiastical conflict in the Western Europe. Donatist and Catholic bishops meet in Carthage, but the results are far from
happy for the Donatists. We take a look at the difference between the theology of the Donatists and Augustine.

comparison

Links:

Painting of Augustine arguing with the Donatists by Charles-André van Loo.

Donatist bishop Petilan on the theology of the Church

Augustine’s response to Petilan

Other sources for this week’s episode:
Maureen A. Tilley, “Dilatory Donatists or Procrastinating Catholics: The Trial at the Conference of Carthage”, Church History, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Mar., 1991), pp. 7-19

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#417 – A History of the Catholic Church – No Salvation Outside the Catholic Church

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#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

Alaric sacks the city of Rome. Augustine justifies the use of force to convert the Donatists to Catholicism.

Links:

Image of Christians of Rome saving holy vessels from Alaric and the Visigoths.

Map of Western Europe in 410 AD.

Augustine’s Treatise concerning the correction of the Donatists

Augustine’s letters justifying the use of state coercion

Material on Augustine’s views on religious coercion can be found here, here, and here.

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#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict over Origen – Round Four

In the West, Emperor Honorious declares war on the Donatists. In the East, Theophilus of Alexandria and Epiphanius of Salamis take on John Chrysostom.

Links:

Image of John Chrysostom and Empress Eudoxia by Jean-Paul Laurens.

Lists of Canonical Scriptures throughout history

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#411 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Conflict Over Origen – Round Four

#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

In Hippo, Augustine tries to convince the Donatists to rejoin the Catholic Church. In Constantinople, John Chrysostom becomes bishop.

Links:

Icon of the Deaconess Olympias.

Map of the Dioceses of the Roman Empire in 400 AD

Augustine’s writings against the Donatists

Augustine’s Psalmus Contra Partem Donati in Latin

Life of Olympias the Deaconess

Chrysostom’s Letters to Olympias

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#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

#339 – A History of the Catholic Church – Constantine Stands Alone

Constantine continues to struggle with the Donatists and Christian persecutes Christian. As he tries to make peace among the Christians of the West, tensions with his co-emperor Licinius break out into civil war.

Links:

Image of Peter Paul Reubens’ “The Battle of Constantine and Licinius

The Spread of Christianity to 325.

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#339 – A History of the Catholic Church – Constantine Stands Alone

#338 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Council of Arles

The end of the Great Persecutions brought with it great joy but also great difficulty as Christians struggled with how to treat those who had abandoned their faith during the troubles and now wanted to return. Constantine becomes more involved in Church affairs as he seeks to maintain the favor of the “Highest Divinity”, but the Donatists are making this difficult.

Links:

Image of 313 Coin of Constantine and Sol Invictus

Map of the spread of Christianity in 314

Map of territory held by Constantine in 314

Canons of the Council of Arles 314

John L. Boojamra, “Constantine and The Council of Arles: The Foundations of Church and state in the Christian East”, The Greek Orthodox Theological Review, Vol. 43, Nos. 1-4, 1998, pp. 129-141.

Averil Cameron. (2006). Constantine and the ‘peace of the church’. In: Margaret M. Mitchell and Frances M. Young (eds.) The Cambridge History of Christianity. pp. 538-551. [Online]. Cambridge History of Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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#338 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Council of Arles

#335 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tetrarchs and Traditors

trierbasilica

The Imperial Tetrarchy runs into problems with the rise of Constantine and Maxentius, each of whom will look to the Christians to support them against rivals. However, the Church has its own problems as both Rome and Carthage struggle to deal with the effects of the Persecutions and the Donatists come on to the scene.

Links:

Image: reproduction of Constantine’s basilica at Trier.

Coin of Constantine with Sol Invictus

Map of provinces of Roman Empire. In North Africa, you can see province of Proconsularis Africa that supported Caecelian and provinces of Numidia that supported Majorinus.

Maps of territory held by the different Tetrarchs

T. D. Barnes, “The Beginnings of Donatism”, The Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1, April 1975, pp. 13-22.

Alan Dearn, “The Abitinian Martys and the Outbreak of the Donatist Schism”, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 55, No. 1, January 2004, pp. 1-18.

Peter Iver Kaufman, “Donatism Revisited: Moderates and Militants in Late Antique North Africa”, Journal of Late Antiquity, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 2009, pp. 131-142.

Robert Wisniewski, “Lucilla and the Bone: Remarks on an Early Testimony to the Cult of Relics”, Journal of Late Antiquity, 4.1, Spring 20011, pp. 157-161.

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#335 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tetrarchs and Traditors