Tag Archives: Augustine of Hippo

#417 – A History of the Catholic Church – No Salvation outside the Church

Continuing political and ecclesiastical conflict in the Western Europe. Donatist and Catholic bishops meet in Carthage, but the results are far from
happy for the Donatists. We take a look at the difference between the theology of the Donatists and Augustine.

comparison

Links:

Painting of Augustine arguing with the Donatists by Charles-André van Loo.

Donatist bishop Petilan on the theology of the Church

Augustine’s response to Petilan

Other sources for this week’s episode:
Maureen A. Tilley, “Dilatory Donatists or Procrastinating Catholics: The Trial at the Conference of Carthage”, Church History, Vol. 60, No. 1 (Mar., 1991), pp. 7-19

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#417 – A History of the Catholic Church – No Salvation Outside the Catholic Church

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#416 – A History of the Catholic Church – The City of God

The Sack of Rome leads Christians to reassess the historical relationship between the Church and the State. Orosius goes in one direction. Augustine in another.

Links:

Woodcut of Augustine writing The City of God.

Orosius’ History Against the Pagans

Augustine’s The City of God

Augustine on the Six Ages of the World

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#416 – A History of the Catholic Church – The City of God

#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

Alaric sacks the city of Rome. Augustine justifies the use of force to convert the Donatists to Catholicism.

Links:

Image of Christians of Rome saving holy vessels from Alaric and the Visigoths.

Map of Western Europe in 410 AD.

Augustine’s Treatise concerning the correction of the Donatists

Augustine’s letters justifying the use of state coercion

Material on Augustine’s views on religious coercion can be found here, here, and here.

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#415 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sack of Rome

#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

In Hippo, Augustine tries to convince the Donatists to rejoin the Catholic Church. In Constantinople, John Chrysostom becomes bishop.

Links:

Icon of the Deaconess Olympias.

Map of the Dioceses of the Roman Empire in 400 AD

Augustine’s writings against the Donatists

Augustine’s Psalmus Contra Partem Donati in Latin

Life of Olympias the Deaconess

Chrysostom’s Letters to Olympias

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#409 – A History of the Catholic Church – Augustine and Chrysostom

#408 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Empire in Decline

After the death of Theodosius the Great, the Roman Empire found itself in a precarious situation. Augustine becomes bishop of Hippo.

Links:

Image of Pendant of Maria, daughter of Stilicho, with form of Christogram by PHGCOM.

Map of final division of Roman Empire at death of Theodosius the Great

Monastic Rule of Saint Augustine

Augustine’s writings against Manicheanism

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#408 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Empire in Decline

#402 – A History of the Catholic Church – Patron Saints

The continuing growth of the Christian Church in the Roman Empire brought with it increasing attention on the relationship between saint and sinner. This week we look at how the Roman patron/client relationship influenced Christian spirituality.

Links:

Wall painting of Christ and the Martyrs in the Catacomb of Marcellinus and Peter

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#402 – A History of the Catholic Church – Patron Saints

#401 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Bosom of Abraham

This week, we take a look at the Christian understanding of death and the afterlife in the Early Church, funeral practices and the importance of praying for the faithful who have died.

Links:

Image of the Bosom of Abraham by Joergens.mi/Wikipedia

Apocalypse of Paul

Jeffrey Burton Russell – Goodness, Gracious(ness), Great Balls of Fire

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#401 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Bosom of Abraham

#398 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Defilement of Marriage

Jerome’s attack on Jovinian causes more problems than it solves. Augustine does better in his defense of the virtue of virginity. Ambrose continues to develop the theology of Mary’s in partu virginity.

Links:

Image of Holy Family with the Adoration of the Magi from the MCAD Library

On Bishop Bonosus

Jerome
Against Jovinianus
Jerome’s letters defending his attacks on Jovinian to Pammachius, a second letter to Pammachius, to Domnio

Augustine
On the Good of Marriage
On Holy Virginity
Augustine’s concerns about Jerome’s interpretation of St. Paul

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#398 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Defilement of Marriage

#392 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the West

The Western Empire experiences the rise of the Gallic and Roman liturgical families and we see the first mentions of the importance of the Words of Institution in Western Eucharistic theology. Emperor Theodosius constructs the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls.

Links:

Photo of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls

Gallic Liturgy
Latin text including Gallic Mass

Ambrosian Liturgy
Text of the Liturgy in English
Resources on the Ambrosian Liturgy

Roman Liturgy
De Sacramentis

Article on the Epiclesis

Saint Paul Outside the Walls

Minor Basilicas mentions in the episode
Sant’Anastasia al Palatino
San Clemente al Laterano
San Lorenzo in Damaso
Santi Nereo e Achilleo
Santa Pudenziana

Daniel Callam, CSB. “The Frequency of Mass in the Latin Church ca. 400”, Theological Studies. 45. 1984.

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#392 – A History of the Catholic Church – Liturgies in the West

#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance

While adult baptism was the norm at the end of the 4th century, sometimes there were exceptions. Moreover, as the Church increasingly encouraged earlier baptisms, so did the number of those needing to avail themselves of the possibility of reconciliation increase.

Links:

Painting of Saint Fabiola by Jean-Jacques Henner

Basil of Caesarea’s recommended penances for serious sins

Letter of Saint Jerome on Saint Fabiola

Ambrose’s Eulogy of Valentinian II – important in development of theology of Baptism of Desire

Ambrose on Penance – Book I and Book II

Apostolic Constitutions – Book VIII, Chapter 9 concerns penance

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#390 – A History of the Catholic Church – Penance