Tag Archives: Gregory Nazianzen

#376 – A History of the Catholic Church – Be Fruitful and Multiply

This week we begin a series of episodes on marriage and virginity. While the Christian understanding of marriage is rooted in the Old Testament and Jewish tradition, it is also influenced by the encounter with Greek and Roman Culture as it strives to promote the importance of unity between husband and wife and the the procreation of children. Moreover, the goodness of marriage in the Christian tradition is connected with the belief in the goodness of everything God created.

Links:
Gold-Glass “Medalion” of a Christian couple being crowned by Jesus. The Latin reads “Sweetheart, may you live [long]”

Jewish Seven Blessings
Tertullian’s Ad Uxorem
Gregory Nazianzen on the marriage ritual in the Eastern half of the Roman Empire

Paulinus of Nola’s Ode on Marriage can be found in Documents of the Marriage Liturgy, Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1992, pp. 30-39.

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#376 – A History of the Catholic Church – Be Fruitful and Multiply

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#370 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Council of Constantinople

Seeking to resolve the problems of the Churches of Constantinople and Antioch, Emperor Theodosius calls for a council. However, the results of the council reveal even greater tensions. Maximus the Cynic seeks to supplant Gregory Nazianzen as bishop of Constantinople.

Links:

Icon of the First Council of Constantinople

Letter of the Bishops at the First Council of Constantinople to the Bishops of the West

Canons of the First Council of Constantinople

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#370 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Council of Constantinople

#368 – A History of the Catholic Church – Divided Empire/Divided Church

While the Trinitarian Controversy focused on the relationship of the Son of God to the Father, the growing Christological Controversy will focus on the relationship of the Son of God to humanity. The rise of the Apollinarian Heresy brings with it the next major threat to Christian unity. In the West, Ambrose becomes bishop of Milan and Valentinian goes to his heavenly reward. In the East, Basil continues to struggle against Valens.

Links:

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Wish List for Christmas

Coin showing Valentinian and Valens from the Classical Numismatic Group, Inc

Writings of Apollinaris of Laodicea

Joseph T. Lienhard, “Two Friends of Athanasius: Marcellus of Ancrya and Apollinaris of Laodicea”, Zeitschrift für Antikes Christentum 10, no. 1: 56-66.

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#368 – A History of the Catholic Church – Divided Empire/Divided Church

#367 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Enemy of My Enemy

Basil tries to unite the homoousians and the homoiousians against Emperor Valens. However, despite Valens’ persecution of bishops and monks, Bishop Damasus of Rome and Paul II of Alexandria continue to mistrust Basil and his allies. Moreover, debates about the Holy Spirit compound the Trinitarian Controversy.

Links:

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Wish List for Christmas

Painting of The Mass of Saint Basil the Great by Pierre Subleyras – Emperor Valens is in attendance.

Statue of Athanasius in Saint Peter’s Basilica by Bernini – Athansius is second from left.

Basil’s “On the Holy Spirit”

Noel Lenski, “Valens and the Monks: Cudgeling and Conscription as a Means of Social Control”, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 58 (2004): 93-117.

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#367 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Enemy of My Enemy

#366 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Cappadocians

Saints Macrina the Younger, Basil the Great, Saint Gregory of Nyssa and Saint Gregory Nazianzen, the Cappadocians, were some of the most influential theologians in the history of the Church – especially in the development of the doctrine of the Trinity. There lives bring together many of the themes we have already explored – the Christinization of the Roman elite, monasticism, and the role of the bishops. We also learn the importance of staying awake during Liturgy.

Image comparing Cappadocian and Augustinian understandings of the Trinity

Links:

Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Wish List for Christmas

Photo of icon of Saints Basil, Gregory Nazianzen and Gregory of Nyssa by Badly Drawn Dad

Saint Macrina the Younger
Life by Saint Gregory of Nyssa

Saint Basil the Great
Writings of Saint Basil the Great
Altar of Saint Basil in St. Peter’s in Rome

Saint Gregory of Nyssa
Writings of Gregory of Nyssa
On the Soul and the Resurrection
“On the Soul and the Resurrection commentary

Saint Gregory Nazianzen
Orations of Saint Gregory Nazianzen
Statue of Saint Gregory in colonnade at Saint Peter’s in Rome

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To listen, just click on the link below:
#366 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Cappadocians