Basil tries to unite the homoousians and the homoiousians against Emperor Valens. However, despite Valens’ persecution of bishops and monks, Bishop Damasus of Rome and Paul II of Alexandria continue to mistrust Basil and his allies. Moreover, debates about the Holy Spirit compound the Trinitarian Controversy.
Fr. Seraphim’s Amazon Wish List for Christmas
Painting of The Mass of Saint Basil the Great by Pierre Subleyras – Emperor Valens is in attendance.
Statue of Athanasius in Saint Peter’s Basilica by Bernini – Athansius is second from left.
Basil’s “On the Holy Spirit”
Noel Lenski, “Valens and the Monks: Cudgeling and Conscription as a Means of Social Control”, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 58 (2004): 93-117.
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#367 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Enemy of My Enemy