Tag Archives: Vandals

#478 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Movement Toward Claustration

In North Africa, Fulgentius of Ruspe defends the Nicenes against the return of Arian Persecution. In Gaul, Caesarius of Arles writes the first Western rule for Monastic Women. In Italy, Theodoric seeks to keep the peace between the Arians and the Nicenes. Plus, the Athanasian and Apostles’ Creeds.

Links:
Page from from the Arian Bible – the Codex Argentus

Map of Europe in 500

Map of Church in Gaul in 506

Selections from Caesarius’ Rule for Virgins/Nuns

Athanasian Creed

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#478 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Movement Toward Claustration

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#472 – A History of the Catholic Church – Barbarian Domination

In the West, the Fall of Roman power in the West meant the domination of Arians in the Kingdom of the Vandals of North Africa, the Kingdom of the Visigoths in Hispania and Gaul and the Kingdom of Odoacer in Italy.
In North Africa, the Nicene Romans experienced severe persecution. In Italy, there was relative religious tolerance.
In Rome, political separation meant greater freedom from the Emperor far away in Constantinople.

Links:
Photo of statue of Saint Eugenius by Giovanni Dall’Orto

Map of Europe in 480

Christopher J. Nofziger, Reign of heretics: Arianism and political power in the Vandal and Ostrogothic kingdoms

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List

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#472 – A History of the Catholic Church – Barbarian Domination

#459 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome Sacked Again

The growing division between the Mono/Miaphysites and the Chalcedonians causes significant problems for the Eastern Empire, especially in Palestine and Egypt. In the West, Emperor Valentinian III is assassinated and Pope Leo I tries to keep the Vandals from destroying Rome.

Links:
Painting of Genseric sacking Rome by Bryullov.

Leo I’s letter to the monks of Palestine regarding his Tome

Chart showing the various Christological theologies and key representatives of each

Ernest Honigmann. “Juvenal of Jerusalem”. Dumbarton Oaks Papers. Vol. 5 (1950). pp. 209-279.

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#459 – A History of the Catholic Church – Rome Sacked Again

#449 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Challenge of the Papacy

Pope Leo finds that the collapse of the Western Roman Empire makes it more difficult for him to assert his authority in Gaul, Hispaniae and Northern Africa. Yet, the support of Emperor Valentinian III provides a strong boost to Leo in those lands still under imperial control.

Links:
Icon of Leo the Great. Photo by Wlbw68

Letter of Pope Leo on the conflict with Hilary of Arles

Letter of Pope Leo to Bishop Turibus on the Priscillians

Valentinian III’s decree endorsing papal authority

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#449 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Challenge of the Papacy