Tag Archives: Eusebius

#353 – A History of the Catholic Church – Constantine and the Church

The legacy of Constantine continues to effect different understandings of the history of the Church. For some, Constantine is the model Christian ruler. For others, Constantine corrupted the Christianity. In this episode, we will look at Constantine’s legacy in terms of the Church’s relation to the State and the treatment of those deemed outside the Church.

Links:

Image of Statue of Constantine by Jean-Christophe Benoist

Section of Lactantius’ “Divine Institutes” on forebearance.

Elizabeth DePalma Digeser, “Lactantius, Porphyry, and the Debate over Religious Toleration”, The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 88, 1988, pp. 129-146.

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#353 – A History of the Catholic Church – Constantine and the Church

#351 – A History of the Catholic Church – Nicenes and Eusebians

The Council of Nicaea did not resolve the controversy over the relationship between the Father and the Son, despite the wishes of Constantine. Indeed, as theology and politics and personalities become more intertwined, the Trinitarian Controversy becomes more intense.

Links:

Image of Constantine burning Arius’ books.

Timothy Barnes, “The Exile and Recalls of Arius”, Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. 60, No. 1, April 2009, 109-129.

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#351 – A History of the Catholic Church – Nicenes and Eusebians

#333 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Impious On Earth

martyrsofnicomedia

The Great Persecution begins in the Roman Empire as the Imperial Government throws its weight against the Christians. This week: the initial persecution in the Eastern Half of the Empire.

Links:

Image: Icon of the 20,000 Martyrs of Nicomedia

Chronological list of saints in the 4th century

List of Christians martyred under Diocletian

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#333 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Impious on Earth

#324 – A History of the Catholic Church – Divine Procurator

gregorythaumaturgus

The Synod of Alexandria finally discovers a way to solve the problem of Paul of Samosata but it will require persuading a pagan Emperor to help. Christian bishops begin taking large roles in Roman civil society with mixed results.

Links:

Image: Gregory Thaumaturgus

Patrick Hurley. “Some Thoughts on the Emperor Aurelian as “Persecutor”.” Classical World 106.1 (2012): 75-89.

Millar, Fergus. 1971. “Paul of Samosata, Zenobia and Aurelian: The Church, Local Culture and Political Allegiance in Third-century Syria”. The Journal of Roman Studies 61. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies: 1–17.

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#324 – A History of the Catholic Church – Divine Procurator

#312 – A History of the Catholic Church – For The Safety Of The Empire

libellus

Emperor Decius comes to rule the Roman Empire amidst a time of great trial and wants to bring Romans into a greater unity by demanding that everyone, including the Christians, offer sacrifice to the gods. For the first time, the Church will find itself facing an organized empire wide persecution. With its leadership arrested and executed, how will the Church endure?

Links:

Image of a libellus/certificate attesting that one had offered sacrifice to the gods.

Here you can find a map of the Christian population at the time of the Decian Persecutions – Note key cities Rome, Carthage, Antioch, Alexandria and Jerusalem

How an apocalyptic plague helped Christianity

Rodney Stark – Reconstructing the Rise of Christianity: The Role of Women

Other sources:
Rives, J. B.. 1999. “The Decree of Decius and the Religion of Empire”. The Journal of Roman Studies 89. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies: 135–54.

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To listen, just click on the link below:
#312 – A History of the Catholic Church – For The Safety Of The Empire

#311 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Emperor?

philipthearab

Modern historians are almost universal in their agreement that Constantine I was the first Christian emperor, but there are some who assert that Philip the Arab is more deserving of that title. In this episode, we look at the evidence pro/con and talk about what the debate itself says about the increasing importance of Christianity in the Roman Empire in the mid-3rd century.

Links:

Image of Bust of Philip the Arab by George Shuklin

A good summary of the debate over Philip’s Christianity as well as good bibliography can be found here

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network”

To listen, just click on the link below:
#311 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Emperor?