Tag Archives: Aurelian

#328 – A History of the Catholic Church – Sol Invictus

solinvictus

As Christianity expanded and developed in the Roman Empire it would use pagan images and symbols to express Christian theology – Christ as the Good Shepherd, Christ as the Philosopher, Christ as the Unconquered Sun. But the Christians did not simply adopt these images, they gave to them particularly Christian meanings to show how the message of Christ was different that anything that had ever happened before.

Links:

Image: Image of Christ as Sol Invictus in the Tomb of the Julii

Via Saleria Sarcophagus showing Christ as the Philosopher and as the Good Shepherd

Sarcophagus showing Jesus Christ as philosopher raising Lazarus from the dead

Coin of Vespasian with image of Sol

Coin of Caracalla with image of Sol Invictus

Coin of Aurelian with image of Sol Invictus

Coin of Probus with image of Sol Invictus

Image of Apollo riding chariot at Orbe Bosceaz, Switzerland

More information about the Tomb of the Julii/Mausoleum M and Saint Peter’s Basilica – including map of the necropolis

Sarcophagus of La Gayole

Steven Hijmans – “Christ or Sol in Mausoleum M of the Vatican Necropolis?”

Robin M Jensen, “Towards a Christian Material Culture”, The Cambridge History of Christianity: Origins to Constantine, Vol 1, New York: Cambridge, 2006, pp. 568-589.

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

To listen, just click on the link below:
#328 – A History of the Catholic Church – Sol Invictus

#324 – A History of the Catholic Church – Divine Procurator

gregorythaumaturgus

The Synod of Alexandria finally discovers a way to solve the problem of Paul of Samosata but it will require persuading a pagan Emperor to help. Christian bishops begin taking large roles in Roman civil society with mixed results.

Links:

Image: Gregory Thaumaturgus

Patrick Hurley. “Some Thoughts on the Emperor Aurelian as “Persecutor”.” Classical World 106.1 (2012): 75-89.

Millar, Fergus. 1971. “Paul of Samosata, Zenobia and Aurelian: The Church, Local Culture and Political Allegiance in Third-century Syria”. The Journal of Roman Studies 61. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies: 1–17.

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

To listen, just click on the link below:
#324 – A History of the Catholic Church – Divine Procurator

#323 – A History of The Catholic Church – The Dionysii

dionysiusofrome

Different understandings about the nature of the relationship between the Father and the Son create new tensions for the Church as Sabellianism moves into Alexandria and causes problems both for Dionysius of Alexandria as well as Dionysius of Rome. Just as that issue is resolved, Paul of Samosata comes to Antioch.

Links:

Image: Bishop Dionysius of Rome by Mattana

Dionysius of Rome “Against the Sabellians”

Michael Slusser – “Saint Gregory Thaumaturgus”, Expository Times, Vol 120, No 12, pp. 573-585.

Daniëlle Slootjes. “Bishops and Their Position of Power in the Late Third Century CE: The Cases of Gregory Thaumaturgus and Paul of Samosata.” Journal of Late Antiquity 4, no. 1 (2011): 100-115.

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

To listen, just click on the link below:
#323 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Dionysii