Tag Archives: Cyprian of Carthage

#377 – A History of the Catholic Church – Brides of Christ

The rise of the ascetical movement brought with it the rise of the debate over the relative virtue of marriage versus celibacy. This debate became even more intense as the number of ascetics rapidly expanded in the fourth century and Virgins move to occupy an important position in the life of the Church.

Links:
Saint Piamun and her mother in an Egyptian village by Charles-Antoine Coypel

Tertullian On Exhortation to Chastity

Cyprian of Carthage On the Dress of Virgins

Gregory of Nyssa On Virginity

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#377 – A History of the Catholic Church – Brides of Christ

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#317 – A History of the Catholic Church – The True Treasures Of The Church

lawrence

The Church once again finds itself facing Empire-wide persecutions as the leaders of the Christian faithful find themselves targeted for exile and execution. Yet, for those who endure will come the promise of peace – for at least a little while.

Links:

Image: Lawrence before Valerianus by Fra Angelico

Papyrus fragment ordering arrest of a Christian under reign of Valerian

Haas, Christopher J.. 1983. “Imperial Religious Policy and Valerian’s Persecution of the Church, A.D. 257-260”. Church History 52 (2). Cambridge University Press: 133–44.

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List at Amazon

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#316 – A History of the Catholic Church – The True Treasures of the Church

#316 – A History Of The Catholic Church – The Bishop of Bishops

stephen

The conflict between Stephen and Cyprian comes close to causing a split between Carthage and Rome over the power and authority of the bishop of Rome. Emperor Valerian prepares another Empire-wide persecution of Christians.

Links:

Image: Bishop Stephen I of Rome

Material related to the conflict between Stephen and Cyprian

Cyprian and the Episcopal Synod of Late 254 by Geoffrey D. Dunn

On the different versions of Cyprian’s Unity of the Church

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List at Amazon

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#315 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Bishop of Bishops

#315 – A History of the Catholic Church – One Must Have The Church For His Mother

cypriancornelius

The problem of dealing with those who had fallen away from the Church during the Decian Persecutions will greatly affect the Church in Rome and lead to the Novatianist Schism. But that won’t be the only problem as Carthage and Rome come into conflict and Bishop Stephen I of Rome claims power over the Church.

Links:

Image: Relics of Cyprian and Cornelius by ACBahn

Information on Novatian

Letters of Cornelius on Novatian

Letters between Cornelius and Cyprian on Novatian

Large searchable map of Roman Empire and surrounding areas

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List at Amazon

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#314 – A History of the Catholic Church – One Must Have The Church For His Mother

#314 – A History of the Catholic Church – Whoever Denies Me Before Others

penitents

The large number of Christians who abandoned the faith during the Decian Persecutions, but were now seeking to return the faith creates much tension for the church of Carthage and its bishop, Cyprian. How can the Church offer forgiveness to those who have denied Christ and still preserve the purity of it teachings?

Links:

Image: Penitents seeking reconciliation

Cyprian’s On The Lapsed

Gordon Harris “Cyprian and his Role as the Faithful Bishop in Response to the Lapsed, the Martyrs, and the Confessors Following the Decian Persecution”

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#314 – A History of the Catholic Church – Whoever Denies Me Before Others

#313 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sheep Are Scattered

sevensleepers

The Persecutions of Decius caused a great tremor throughout the Catholic Church. Many Christians will willingly die for the sake of the faith, but many more will abandon Christianity in the face of threats of torture and death. In this episode, we hear their stories – including the account of the Seven Holy Sleepers.

Links:

Image of Seven Holy Sleepers by Verum

Examples of libelli

Alana Nobbs – “Christians in a Pluralistic Society: Papyrus Evidence from the Roman Empire”

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#313 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sheep Are Scattered

#312 – A History of the Catholic Church – For The Safety Of The Empire

libellus

Emperor Decius comes to rule the Roman Empire amidst a time of great trial and wants to bring Romans into a greater unity by demanding that everyone, including the Christians, offer sacrifice to the gods. For the first time, the Church will find itself facing an organized empire wide persecution. With its leadership arrested and executed, how will the Church endure?

Links:

Image of a libellus/certificate attesting that one had offered sacrifice to the gods.

Here you can find a map of the Christian population at the time of the Decian Persecutions – Note key cities Rome, Carthage, Antioch, Alexandria and Jerusalem

How an apocalyptic plague helped Christianity

Rodney Stark – Reconstructing the Rise of Christianity: The Role of Women

Other sources:
Rives, J. B.. 1999. “The Decree of Decius and the Religion of Empire”. The Journal of Roman Studies 89. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies: 135–54.

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#312 – A History of the Catholic Church – For The Safety Of The Empire