Tag Archives: Arius

#352 – A History of the Catholic Church – Anathematizations and Glorifications

In his final years, Constantine continues to have a profound effect on the Church and the Trinitarian Controversy moves in a new direction with the death of Arius. We also look at the development of the Canonical Scriptures and the importance of the Roman Army on the expansion of Christianity.

Links:

Image of Raphael’s Baptism of Constantine.

Information on Marcellus of Ancyra

Icon showing death of Arius

Eusebius and Athanasius on the Scriptures

Lead tank used by Roman army for baptisms

Images of the Church of the Holy Apostles can be found here and here.

Apotheosis of Constantine

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#352 – A History of the Catholic Church – Anathematizations and Glorifications

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#351 – A History of the Catholic Church – Nicenes and Eusebians

The Council of Nicaea did not resolve the controversy over the relationship between the Father and the Son, despite the wishes of Constantine. Indeed, as theology and politics and personalities become more intertwined, the Trinitarian Controversy becomes more intense.

Links:

Image of Constantine burning Arius’ books.

Timothy Barnes, “The Exile and Recalls of Arius”, Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. 60, No. 1, April 2009, 109-129.

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#351 – A History of the Catholic Church – Nicenes and Eusebians

#343 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Nicene Creed

The Christian bishops at Nicaea strive to resolve the Arian Controversy as well as other conflicts within the Church in order to fulfill Constantine’s desires for unity and peace.

Links:

Image of Constantine and Bishops holding Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed of 381

Creed of Eusebius of Caesarea

The Nicene Creed

Letter of Eusebius of Caeasarea regarding the Nicene Creed

Letter of Council of Nicaea to Alexandria regarding Meletians and dating of Easter

Letter of Constantine regarding dating of Easter

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#343 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Nicene Creed

#342 – A History Catholic of the Catholic Church – The First Ecumenical Council

As the conflict between Arius and Alexander grows larger, bishops throughout the Eastern Empire choose sides. Constantine decides to summon bishops from throughout the Roman Empire in the hopes of establishing peace.

Links:

Image of Icon of the First Council of Nicaea. This icon shows Arius in brown, without the halo. The figure facing him is possibly Alexander of Alexandria. Constantine is shown wearing a crown.

Constantine’s letter to Arius and Alexander seeking peace

Constantine’s letter summoning the bishops to Nicaea

Documents relating to the 325 Synod of Antioch

Icons of Saint Nicholas slapping Arius

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#342 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Ecumenical Council

#341 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Presbyter Of Alexandria

The presbyter Arius and his bishop Alexander enter into a theological dispute regarding the relationship between the Father and the Son, whether the Son is divine or instead a creature. This is a dispute that comes to involve not only the Christians of Alexandria, but Christians throughout Egypt and Libya.

Links:

Image of Fresco of Abraham and the Three Angels at Mamre. This 4th century image of the Via Latina Catacomb was an early way of depicting the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Documents concerning Arius including his writings

Map showing bishops who supported Arius

Various chronologies concerning the Arian Controversy

Map of the Egyptian Dioceses that would have been under Alexander of Alexandria, including Upper/Superior Libya and Lower/Inferior Libya On the map, the Dioecesis Orientis will come under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Antioch at the Council of Nicaea

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#341 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Presbyter Of Alexandria