The first half of the 4th century saw the continued expansion of Christianity into lands outside the Roman Empire. Ulfilas will bring homoean Arianism to the Goths. Frumentius will bring homoousianism to the Kingdom of Axum – modern Ethiopia. In the Sassanid Empire, Christians find themselves under a persecution that will dwarf anything experienced under Decian and Diocletian.
Image of Ulfilas
Map of Gothic Lands
The Gothic Alphabet of Ulfilas
The Our Father in Gothic
Map of Kingdom of Axum
The Our Father in Ge’ez
The Ezana Stone showing the adoption of Christianity by the Kingdom of Axum
Letter of Constantius II to King Ezana
On Ethiopia and the Ark of the Covenant
Stories of the Persian Martyrs
S. P. Brock, “Christians in the Sasanian Empire: A Case of Divided Loyalties”, Studies in Church History 18, 1982, pp. 1-19
Chistopher Haas, “Mountain Constantines: The Christianization of Aksum and Iberia”, Journal of Late Antiquity, 1.1 (Spring 2008), pp. 101-126.
Hagith Sivan, “Ulfila’s Own Conversion”, The Harvard Theological Review, Vol 89, No. 4, (Oct. 1996), pp. 373-386.
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