Tag Archives: Constantine

#338 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Council of Arles

The end of the Great Persecutions brought with it great joy but also great difficulty as Christians struggled with how to treat those who had abandoned their faith during the troubles and now wanted to return. Constantine becomes more involved in Church affairs as he seeks to maintain the favor of the “Highest Divinity”, but the Donatists are making this difficult.

Links:

Image of 313 Coin of Constantine and Sol Invictus

Map of the spread of Christianity in 314

Map of territory held by Constantine in 314

Canons of the Council of Arles 314

John L. Boojamra, “Constantine and The Council of Arles: The Foundations of Church and state in the Christian East”, The Greek Orthodox Theological Review, Vol. 43, Nos. 1-4, 1998, pp. 129-141.

Averil Cameron. (2006). Constantine and the ‘peace of the church’. In: Margaret M. Mitchell and Frances M. Young (eds.) The Cambridge History of Christianity. pp. 538-551. [Online]. Cambridge History of Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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#338 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Council of Arles

#337 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Rise Of Christendom

constantineatthelateran

In the West, Constantine begins to support the Church in Rome and the links between the Catholic Church and the State are strengthened. In the East, the persecutions come to an end.

Links:

Image of Constantine at the Lateran Basilica

Map of Rome with location of early Christian churches

Edict of Milan

Canons of Ancyra 314

Canons of Neocaesarea 315

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#337 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Rise of Christendom

#336 – A History of the Catholic Church – In This Sign

archofconstantine

In the East, Galerius dies and the Meletian Schism comes to Alexandria. In the West, Constantine become the Master of Rome.

Links:
Depiction of Constantine’s victory at Battle of the Milvian Bridge by Luk Constantyna

Image of Chi-Rho according to Eusebius, the image seen by Constantine

Image of Staurogram – according to Lactantius, the image seen by Constantine

Bill Leadbetter, “Constantine and the Bishops: The Roman Church in the Early Fourth Century”, The Journal of Religious History, Vol. 26, No. 1, February 2002

R. Williams, “Arius and the Meletian Schism”, The Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1, April 1986, pp. 35-52.

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#336 – A History of the Catholic Church – In This Sign

#335 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tetrarchs and Traditors

trierbasilica

The Imperial Tetrarchy runs into problems with the rise of Constantine and Maxentius, each of whom will look to the Christians to support them against rivals. However, the Church has its own problems as both Rome and Carthage struggle to deal with the effects of the Persecutions and the Donatists come on to the scene.

Links:

Image: reproduction of Constantine’s basilica at Trier.

Coin of Constantine with Sol Invictus

Map of provinces of Roman Empire. In North Africa, you can see province of Proconsularis Africa that supported Caecelian and provinces of Numidia that supported Majorinus.

Maps of territory held by the different Tetrarchs

T. D. Barnes, “The Beginnings of Donatism”, The Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1, April 1975, pp. 13-22.

Alan Dearn, “The Abitinian Martys and the Outbreak of the Donatist Schism”, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 55, No. 1, January 2004, pp. 1-18.

Peter Iver Kaufman, “Donatism Revisited: Moderates and Militants in Late Antique North Africa”, Journal of Late Antiquity, Vol. 2, No. 1, Spring 2009, pp. 131-142.

Robert Wisniewski, “Lucilla and the Bone: Remarks on an Early Testimony to the Cult of Relics”, Journal of Late Antiquity, 4.1, Spring 20011, pp. 157-161.

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#335 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tetrarchs and Traditors