#287 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part Two

Finally, in 1984, full diplomatic relations were established between the US and the Holy See, something that managed to bring Catholics and non-Catholics together – on both sides of the issue.

Links:
Website of the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See

Sources:
Bettwy, Samuel W. “United States-Vatican Recognition: Background and Issues.” Catholic Lawyer. 29. Summer 1984. 225-265
Essig, Andrew M. and Jennifer L. Moore. “U.S.-Holy See Diplomacy: The Establishment of Formal Relations, 1984″. The Catholic Historical Review. 95. #4. October 2009. 741-764.
Wood, Jr., James E. “Editorial – U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican.” Journal of Church and State. 26. #2. Spring 1984. 197-207.

Flag photo by Magnus Manske

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podcasticon#287 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part Two”

#286 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part One

From the very beginning of the history of the United States, the idea that the US should have establish diplomatic relations, and the nature of those relations, has aroused significant controversy.

Links:
Website of the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See

Sources:
Bettwy, Samuel W. “United States-Vatican Recognition: Background and Issues.” Catholic Lawyer. 29. Summer 1984. 225-265
Essig, Andrew M. and Jennifer L. Moore. “U.S.-Holy See Diplomacy: The Establishment of Formal Relations, 1984″. The Catholic Historical Review. 95. #4. October 2009. 741-764.
Wood, Jr., James E. “Editorial – U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican.” Journal of Church and State. 26. #2. Spring 1984. 197-207.

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podcasticon#286 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part One”

#285 – Our Lady of Pontmain

On 17 January 1871, a group of children in the small village of Pontmain claimed to have seen a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The reported apparition lasted for several hours, the effects of that apparition would last for much longer.

Links:
Official site of Our Lady of Pontmain
Vatican norms regarding Marian apparitions
Novena of Our Lady of Pontmain

Sources:
Porte, Cheryl A. Pontmain. Prophecy, and Protest: a Cultural-historical Study of a Nineteenth-century Apparition. American University Studies. Series VII, Theology and Religion 234. New York: Peter Lang, 2005.

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podcasticon#285 – Our Lady of Pontmain”

#284 – Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine

The Donation of Constantine served to justify Papal temporal authority over Western Europe for centuries, until Lorenzo Valla proved that it was a fraud. No one likes a revisionist historian.

Links:
Tomb of Lorenzo Valla
Valla’s refutation of the Donation of Constantine

Sources:
Blum, Paul Richard. Philosophers of the Renaissance
Blum, Paul Richard. Philosophy of Religion in the Renaissance. Ashgate Studies in the History of Philosophical Theology. Farnham, England ; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub. Ltd, 2010. CUA Press, 2010.
Celenza, Christopher S. The Lost Italian Renaissance: Humanists, Historians, and Latin’s Legacy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
Valla, Lorenzo, and Renaissance Society of America. The Treatise of Lorenzo Valla on the Donation of Constantine. Renaissance Society of America Reprint Texts 1. Toronto: University of Toronto Press in association with the Renaissance Society of America, 1993.

Image: Fresco of Donation of Constantine

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podcasticon#284 – Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine”

#283 – Te Deum

The Te Deum is one of the oldest and most important hymns of the Catholic Church. It has pride of place at the most important celebrations of the Church. Many composers have written their own versions of the hymn, including one composer whose Te Deum cost him his life.

Links:
The Te Deum in Latin and English
Te Deum in Latin chant
Part of Lully’s Te Deum
The Te Matrem Dei laudamus te can be found in Latin and English
The Enthronement of Metropolitan William Skurla

Sources:
Blackburn, Bonnie J. “‘Te Matrem Dei Laudamus:’ A Study in the Musical Veneration of Mary.” The Musical Quarterly 53, no. 1 (January 1, 1967): 53–76.
Julian, John. “Te Deum”. A Dictionary of Hymnology, Setting Forth the Origin and History of Christian Hymns of All Ages and Nations. New York: Dover Publications, 1957: 1119-1134.
Springer, Carl P.E. “Nicetas and the Authorship of the Te Deum”. Studia Patristica 33. (Leuven: Peeters Press, 1997): 325-331.

Image: Saint Ambrose baptizes Saint Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

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podcasticon#283 – Te Deum”

#282 – Wangari Maathai – “the Tree Woman”

Wangari Maathai, the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, saw in the teachings of her Catholic faith first a message to change her heart and then to change her country – and it all began with the planting of a single tree.

Links:
Website for The Green Belt Movement begun by Maathai
PBS profile on Maathai
Audio interview with Maathai
Information about Maathai and her connection to Mount St. Scholastica
Maathai’s Nobel lecture
Taking Root: The Vision of Wangari Maathai – a documentary film

Sources:
Maathai, Wangari, and Green Belt Movement. The Green Belt Movement: Sharing the Approach and the Experience. New York: Lantern Books, 2004.
Maathai, Wangari. Replenishing the Earth: Spiritual Values for Healing Ourselves and the World. New York: Doubleday, 2010.
Maathai, Wangari. Unbowed: A Memoir. New York: Anchor Books, 2007.

Image from Agência Brasil

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podcasticon#282 – Wangari Maathai – “The Tree Woman”

#281 – The Goliards

The Goliards enjoyed wine, women, song and complaining about the Catholic hierarchy. Their poems and pranks caused scandal and brought down upon them the wrath of the Church authorities.

Links:
The Confession of Golias
Other Goliardic poetry
Poems from the Carmina Burana
Youtube – Goliardic poem Meum est Propositum in Taberna Mori
Youtube – O Fortuna

Sources:
Primas, Hugh. Hugh Primas and the Archpoet. Cambridge Medieval Classics 2. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Symonds, John Addington. Wine, Women, and Song. New York: AMS Press, 1970.
Waddell, Helen. The Wandering Scholars. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1989.
Wicher, George F. The Goliard Poets: Medieval Latin Songs and Satires. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1979.

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podcasticon#281 – The Goliards

#280 – Father Theobald Mathew, Apostle of Temperance – Part Two

Father Theobald Mathew, OFM Cap., traveled to the United States in the hopes of spreading his Total Abstinence Society and raising funds for continuing his work in Ireland. He attracted enormous crowds and even met the president. However, he also found himself caught up in the maelstrom that was slavery.

Links:
Wikipedia page of Father Mathew with many images related to him
Website devoted to Father Mathew
Father Mathew’s influence in Canada

Sources:
Kerrigan, Colm. Father Mathew and the Irish Temperance Movement: 1838-1849. Cork, Ireland: Cork University Press, 1992.
Nelson, Katherine H. “Knights of Father Mathew.” Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: An International Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO, 2003: 350-351.
Quinn, John F. Father Mathew’s Crusade: Temperance in Nineteenth-Century Ireland and Irish America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.
Quinn, John F. “Father Mathew’s Disciples: American Catholic Support for Temperance, 1840-1920.” Church History 65, no. 4 (December 1, 1996): 624–640.
Townend, Paul A. Father Mathew, Temperance and Irish Identity. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2002.

Image:
Father Mathew

Image of Father Mathew among other famous Irish
Image of Total Abstinence Society Medal
Australian Total Abstinence Society Medal
Medals of the Knights of Father Mathew
Images of the Catholic Total Abstinence Fountain

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podcasticon#280 – Father Theobald Mathew, Apostle of Temperance – Part Two

#279 – Father Theobald Mathew, Apostle of Temperance – Part One

Father Theobald Mathew, OFM Cap., the Apostle of Temperance, greatly struggled against the evils of alcoholism as part of his Total Abstinence Society. Millions, inspired by his message, took the Pledge to give up drinking. However, conflicts with bishops, problems with Irish nationalism, and the Great Famine threatened to undo it all.

Links:
Wikipedia page of Father Mathew with many images related to him
Website devoted to Father Mathew

Sources:
Kerrigan, Colm. Father Mathew and the Irish Temperance Movement: 1838-1849. Cork, Ireland: Cork University Press, 1992.
Quinn, John F. Father Mathew’s Crusade: Temperance in Nineteenth-Century Ireland and Irish America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.
Quinn, John F. “Father Mathew’s Disciples: American Catholic Support for Temperance, 1840-1920.” Church History 65, no. 4 (December 1, 1996): 624–640.
Townend, Paul A. Father Mathew, Temperance and Irish Identity. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2002.

Image:
Father Mathew Administering the Temperance Pledge

Image of Father Mathew among other famous Irish
Image of Total Abstinence Society Medal

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podcasticon#279 – Father Theobald Mathew, Apostle of Temperance – Part One

#278 – Vin Mariani, Cocaine, and the Pope

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the popularity of Vin Mariani spread throughout European and American society as a wonder cure for almost every ailment. Unfortunately, drinkers of Vin Marini didn’t know that the secret ingredient had some not so pleasant side effects.

Links:
Information on Vin Mariani can be found here and here.
Images of Vin Mariani advertisements can be found here.
Promotional advertisements for Vin Marinia featuring Pope Leo XIII can be found here and here.
Intact bottle of Vin Mariani
Food Scientists investigate bottle of Vin Mariani
Pictures and endorsements from 1893 Vin Marini book can be found here.

Sources:
Inciardi, James A. The War on Drugs II: The Continuing Epic of Heroin, Cocaine, Crack, Crime, AIDS, and Public Policy. Mountain View, Calif: Mayfield Pub. Co, 1992.
Mariani & Co. Coca Erythroxylon (Vin Mariani): Its Uses in the Treatment of Disease. Mariani & Co., 1886.
Markel, Howard. An Anatomy of Addiction: Sigmund Freud, William Halsted and the Miracle Drug, Cocaine. 1st ed. New York: Pantheon Books, 2011.
Pendergrast, Mark. For God, Country, and Coca-Cola: The Definitive History of the Great American Soft Drink and the Company That Makes It. 2nd ed., rev. and expanded. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

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podcasticon#278 – Vin Mariani, Cocaine, and the Pope

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