#315 – A History of the Catholic Church – One Must Have The Church For His Mother

cypriancornelius

The problem of dealing with those who had fallen away from the Church during the Decian Persecutions will greatly affect the Church in Rome and lead to the Novatianist Schism. But that won’t be the only problem as Carthage and Rome come into conflict and Bishop Stephen I of Rome claims power over the Church.

Links:

Image: Relics of Cyprian and Cornelius by ACBahn

Information on Novatian

Letters of Cornelius on Novatian

Letters between Cornelius and Cyprian on Novatian

Large searchable map of Roman Empire and surrounding areas

Fr. Seraphim’s Christmas Wish List at Amazon

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#314 – A History of the Catholic Church – One Must Have The Church For His Mother

#314 – A History of the Catholic Church – Whoever Denies Me Before Others

penitents

The large number of Christians who abandoned the faith during the Decian Persecutions, but were now seeking to return the faith creates much tension for the church of Carthage and its bishop, Cyprian. How can the Church offer forgiveness to those who have denied Christ and still preserve the purity of it teachings?

Links:

Image: Penitents seeking reconciliation

Cyprian’s On The Lapsed

Gordon Harris “Cyprian and his Role as the Faithful Bishop in Response to the Lapsed, the Martyrs, and the Confessors Following the Decian Persecution”

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#314 – A History of the Catholic Church – Whoever Denies Me Before Others

#313 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sheep Are Scattered

sevensleepers

The Persecutions of Decius caused a great tremor throughout the Catholic Church. Many Christians will willingly die for the sake of the faith, but many more will abandon Christianity in the face of threats of torture and death. In this episode, we hear their stories – including the account of the Seven Holy Sleepers.

Links:

Image of Seven Holy Sleepers by Verum

Examples of libelli

Alana Nobbs – “Christians in a Pluralistic Society: Papyrus Evidence from the Roman Empire”

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#313 – A History of the Catholic Church – The Sheep Are Scattered

#312 – A History of the Catholic Church – For The Safety Of The Empire

libellus

Emperor Decius comes to rule the Roman Empire amidst a time of great trial and wants to bring Romans into a greater unity by demanding that everyone, including the Christians, offer sacrifice to the gods. For the first time, the Church will find itself facing an organized empire wide persecution. With its leadership arrested and executed, how will the Church endure?

Links:

Image of a libellus/certificate attesting that one had offered sacrifice to the gods.

Here you can find a map of the Christian population at the time of the Decian Persecutions – Note key cities Rome, Carthage, Antioch, Alexandria and Jerusalem

How an apocalyptic plague helped Christianity

Rodney Stark – Reconstructing the Rise of Christianity: The Role of Women

Other sources:
Rives, J. B.. 1999. “The Decree of Decius and the Religion of Empire”. The Journal of Roman Studies 89. Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies: 135–54.

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#312 – A History of the Catholic Church – For The Safety Of The Empire

#311 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Emperor?

philipthearab

Modern historians are almost universal in their agreement that Constantine I was the first Christian emperor, but there are some who assert that Philip the Arab is more deserving of that title. In this episode, we look at the evidence pro/con and talk about what the debate itself says about the increasing importance of Christianity in the Roman Empire in the mid-3rd century.

Links:

Image of Bust of Philip the Arab by <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bust_of_emperor_Philippus_Arabus_-_Hermitage_Museum.jpg"George Shuklin

A good summary of the debate over Philip’s Christianity as well as good bibliography can be found <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_the_Arab_and_Christianity"here

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#311 – A History of the Catholic Church – The First Christian Emperor?

#310 – A History of the Catholic Church – Domus Ecclesiae and Aula Ecclesiae

duraeuroposfront

We continue our examination of Christian worship in the 3rd century with a return to the Domus Ecclesiae house churches and the development of the Aula Ecclesiae. We also look at how developments in the understanding of the Eucharistic liturgy influence the way Christians pray.

Links:

Image of Dura Europos domus ecclesiae by Marsyas

In addition to the links given for episode #309, check out:

Websites with information on the chapel/church in Megiddo can be found here and here.

The Ancient Church at Megiddo: The Discovery and an Assessment of its Significance by Edward Adams

Architecture of Saint Crisogono in Rome – an example of an Aula Acclesiae

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#310 – A History of the Catholic Church – Domus Ecclesiae and Aula Ecclesiae

#309 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tituli and Domus Ecclesiae

duraeuropos

We begin a two part series on Christian worship, beginning with the worship in the early Christian house churches – looking at the relationship of architecture, art and ritual practice. As the theology of Baptism and Eucharist develops, so will the architecture of the churches where Christians worship also change to reflect that theology. We will also look at how one of the Church’s texts of this time, the Didiscalia Apostolorum describes liturgical practice.

Links:

Image of Dura Europos domus ecclesiae by Marsyas

Information on the city of Dura Europos

Good presentations of the art at the Dura Europos domus ecclesiae can be found here and here.

A good diagram of the Dura Europos church can be found here.

Jeanne Halgren Kilde’s Sacred Power, Sacred Space has some good information on the dynamics of Christian worship at this time.

The Didascalia Apostolorum

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To listen, just click on the link below:
#309 – A History of the Catholic Church – Tituli and Domus Ecclesiae

#308 – A History of the Catholic Church – May All Be Saved?

origen

Origen was the foremost theologian of his time – writing on an enormous variety of theological topics, publishing scriptural commentaries and the first work on Christian prayer. His influence will run the gamut from the Cappadocian Fathers in the Early Church to theologians such as Benedict XVI today.

He will also be condemned as a heretic – chiefly due to his views on the afterlife and the question of whether all, even Satan, might one day enter into everlasting life.

Links:

Origen article from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Origen on Prayer

Anathemas against Origen

Benedict XVI’s comments on Origen can be found here and here.

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#308 – A History of the Catholic Church – May All Be Saved?

#307 – A History of the Catholic Church – Acquiring for you a holy people

hippolytus

Having examined some of the different theologies about the relationship of the Father and the Son in the last episode, now we look at how conflicts over these theologies affected the history of the Church – particularly in the life of Hippolytus who would be known as one of the most influential Fathers of the Church and the first antipope.

In his conflict with Pope Callistus I, we see how conflict over theology touched on the very life of Christian faithful and that even saints could find themselves on opposite sides not just on the nature of God, but also on the nature of the Church.

Links:

Image: Roman sculpture, thought to be Hippolytus.

Hippolytus’ Apostolic Tradition

Hippolytus’ Refutation of All Heresies – Book IX addresses his conflict with the Bishops of Rome

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#307 – A History of the Catholic Church – Acquiring for you a holy people

#306 – A History of the Catholic Church – Jesus Christ, Our God

trinity

Trying to find the right words and theology to describe the relationship of the Father and the Son was one of the most difficult and most important theological issues of the Early Church. Was the Son the same as the Father or different? Was the Son equal to or lesser than the Father? Could one present a theology that described what the Christian Church believed about Jesus and also remained faithful to the Tradition and Scripture?

In this episode, we look at several different ways that influential figures in the Early Church presented their views of this relationship: Adoptionism, Modalism, Logos Christology and the Trinitarian theology of Tertullian to see how different theologians wrestled with these problems and how they will influence the Church’s understanding of God.

Links:

Image: the earliest known depiction of the Trinity from the Dogmatic Sarcophagus 350 AD

Handy brief guides to the heresies we have been discussing and will be discussing in the future can be found here and here.

Examples from the Early Church Fathers describing Jesus as God

Justin Martyr’s First Apology that presents his theology of the Son. Note especially sections 6, 12, 13, 46

A good article on Tertullian’s Trinitarian theology – Against Praxaes – How Far Did Tertullian Advance The Doctrine Of The Trinity?

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Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

To listen, just click on the link below:
podcasticon#306 – A History of the Catholic Church – Jesus Christ, Our God

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