Category Archives: Papal History

#287 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part Two

Finally, in 1984, full diplomatic relations were established between the US and the Holy See, something that managed to bring Catholics and non-Catholics together – on both sides of the issue.

Links:
Website of the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See

Sources:
Bettwy, Samuel W. “United States-Vatican Recognition: Background and Issues.” Catholic Lawyer. 29. Summer 1984. 225-265
Essig, Andrew M. and Jennifer L. Moore. “U.S.-Holy See Diplomacy: The Establishment of Formal Relations, 1984″. The Catholic Historical Review. 95. #4. October 2009. 741-764.
Wood, Jr., James E. “Editorial – U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican.” Journal of Church and State. 26. #2. Spring 1984. 197-207.

Flag photo by Magnus Manske

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podcasticon#287 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part Two”

#286 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part One

From the very beginning of the history of the United States, the idea that the US should have establish diplomatic relations, and the nature of those relations, has aroused significant controversy.

Links:
Website of the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See

Sources:
Bettwy, Samuel W. “United States-Vatican Recognition: Background and Issues.” Catholic Lawyer. 29. Summer 1984. 225-265
Essig, Andrew M. and Jennifer L. Moore. “U.S.-Holy See Diplomacy: The Establishment of Formal Relations, 1984″. The Catholic Historical Review. 95. #4. October 2009. 741-764.
Wood, Jr., James E. “Editorial – U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican.” Journal of Church and State. 26. #2. Spring 1984. 197-207.

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podcasticon#286 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part One”

#284 – Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine

The Donation of Constantine served to justify Papal temporal authority over Western Europe for centuries, until Lorenzo Valla proved that it was a fraud. No one likes a revisionist historian.

Links:
Tomb of Lorenzo Valla
Valla’s refutation of the Donation of Constantine

Sources:
Blum, Paul Richard. Philosophers of the Renaissance
Blum, Paul Richard. Philosophy of Religion in the Renaissance. Ashgate Studies in the History of Philosophical Theology. Farnham, England ; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub. Ltd, 2010. CUA Press, 2010.
Celenza, Christopher S. The Lost Italian Renaissance: Humanists, Historians, and Latin’s Legacy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
Valla, Lorenzo, and Renaissance Society of America. The Treatise of Lorenzo Valla on the Donation of Constantine. Renaissance Society of America Reprint Texts 1. Toronto: University of Toronto Press in association with the Renaissance Society of America, 1993.

Image: Fresco of Donation of Constantine

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podcasticon#284 – Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine”

#278 – Vin Mariani, Cocaine, and the Pope

In the second half of the nineteenth century, the popularity of Vin Mariani spread throughout European and American society as a wonder cure for almost every ailment. Unfortunately, drinkers of Vin Marini didn’t know that the secret ingredient had some not so pleasant side effects.

Links:
Information on Vin Mariani can be found here and here.
Images of Vin Mariani advertisements can be found here.
Promotional advertisements for Vin Marinia featuring Pope Leo XIII can be found here and here.
Intact bottle of Vin Mariani
Food Scientists investigate bottle of Vin Mariani
Pictures and endorsements from 1893 Vin Marini book can be found here.

Sources:
Inciardi, James A. The War on Drugs II: The Continuing Epic of Heroin, Cocaine, Crack, Crime, AIDS, and Public Policy. Mountain View, Calif: Mayfield Pub. Co, 1992.
Mariani & Co. Coca Erythroxylon (Vin Mariani): Its Uses in the Treatment of Disease. Mariani & Co., 1886.
Markel, Howard. An Anatomy of Addiction: Sigmund Freud, William Halsted and the Miracle Drug, Cocaine. 1st ed. New York: Pantheon Books, 2011.
Pendergrast, Mark. For God, Country, and Coca-Cola: The Definitive History of the Great American Soft Drink and the Company That Makes It. 2nd ed., rev. and expanded. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

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podcasticon#278 – Vin Mariani, Cocaine, and the Pope

#276 – Apollo 11

The first steps of Neil Armstrong were “one giant leap for mankind” and led Catholics from Vince Lombardi to Paul VI to reflect on their faith and place in the universe. For some, the Apollo 11 mission was a source of inspiration – for others, there was concern that looking to the heavens meant forgetting those in need on Earth. Plus, the Bishop of the Moon.

Links:
Commentary on the Catholic reaction to Apollo 11
Vatican Flag carried aboard Apollo 11 and Apollo 15
Medal given to Buzz Aldrin by Paul VI
Apollo 11 goodwill messages – including that of Pope Paul VI
Vatican Radio broadcast on Apollo 11 mission with words of Pope Paul VI
Video of Paul VI looking at moon through telescope during the Apollo 11 mission, watching the landing on television and speaking about the landing.
Image of Pope Paul VI watching Apollo 11 on television
Image of Pope Paul VI with Apollo 11 astronauts
The Space Hymn can be found here on page 6

Benedict XVI and the International Space Station
Video of Benedict XVI speaking with astronauts aboard International Space Station

On the Bishop of the Moon

Sources:
Armstrong, Neil, Michael Collins, Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., Gene Farmer and Dora Jane Hamblin. First on the Moon: A Voyage with Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. 1st ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970.
Farrell, OSB, Gerard. “Our Father’s God Whose Ever-Mighty Hand – Space Hymn” found in Our Parish Prays and Sings; a Service Book for Liturgical Worship with Official Texts, Hymns, Psalms and Paraliturgies. Collegeville, Minn: The Liturgical Press, 1965: 566-567.
Rahman, Tahir. We Came In Peace For All Mankind: The Untold Story of the Apollo 11 Silicon Disc. Silicon Disc, LLC, 2008.
Specola Vaticana. The Heavens Proclaim: Astronomy and the Vatican: A Book. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Vistor ; [Rome, Italy] : Vatican City State : Vatican Observatory Publications, 2009.
Wilson, Charles Reagan. “American Heavens: Apollo and the Civil Religion.” Journal of Church and State 26, no. 2 (March 31, 1984): 209–226.

Images:
Silicon Disk containing goodwill messages including that of Pope Paul VI

Pope Paul VI meeting the Apollo 11 astronauts – larger images can be found here and here

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podcasticon#276 – Apollo 11

#275 – The Papal Peace Note

Pope Benedict XV repeatedly called for an end to the violence of the First World War, but his cries just as repeatedly were rejected by the governments of belligerent countries that would be satisfied with nothing less than total victory. Yet, it was not only the governments of belligerent countries that thwarted Benedict’s mission – many Catholic bishops and cardinals also rejected the “Pope’s peace”.

Links:
Benedict XV’s Papal Peace Note
Benedict XV’s Peace Offering Calendar

Sources:
Griffin, Mike. “Snubbed: Pope Benedict XV and Cardinal James Gibbons”. Sign of Peace Journal.
Peters, Walter H. The Life of Benedict XV. Milwaukee: Bruce Pub. Co, 1959.
Pollard, John F. The Unknown Pope: Benedict XV (1912-1922) and the Pursuit of Peace. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 2000.

Image:
“The Peaceful Pope” – cover of Simplicissimus 1915.

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podcasticon#275 – The Papal Peace Note

#272 – The Pope’s Stone

In the 1850s, the rise of the Know-Nothing movement symbolized increasing hostility to Catholics and immigrants in the United States. This hostility would even leave its mark on the Washington Monument.

Links:
Part One and Part Two of an article on the Pope’s Stone
About.com Catholicism Readers’ Choice Awards

Sources:
Endres, David J. “Know-Nothings, Nationhood, and the Nuncio: Reassessing the Visit of Archbishop Bedini”. U.S. Catholic Historian. 21. #4. 1 October 2003. 1-16.
Jacob, Judith M. The Washington Monument: A Technical History and Catalog of the Commemorative Stones. National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Northeast Region, Design, Construction, and Facility Management Directorate, Architectural Preservation Division. 2005.
Torres, Louis. “To the Immortal Name and Memory of George Washington”: The United States Army Corps of Engineers and the Construction of the Washington Monument. EP 870-1-21. Historical Division, Office of the Administrative Services, Office of the Chief of Engineers. 1985.

Images:
Uncompleted Washington Monument by Mathew Brady
Finished Washington Monument by David Iliff. License: CC-BY-SA 3.0

Image of replaced “Pope’s Stone” taken from Jacob.

Image of Smithsonian’s purported remnant of former “Pope’s Stone” from John Lockwood. “A Deed of Barbarism”. National Mall and Memorial Times. March 2010. 5.

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podcasticon#272 – The Pope’s Stone

#256 – The Wild West in the Vatican

Buffalo Bill’s Wild West was popular throughout the United States and even Europe. Yet, while many amazing displays could be found at Buffalo Bill Cody’s shows, perhaps the most amazing display took place when he visited Pope Leo XIII.

Links:
Buffalo Bill in Rome
Medal Buffalo Bill received from Pope Leo XIII

Sources:
Delaney, Michelle Anne. Buffalo Bill’s Wild West warriors: a photographic history by Gertrude Käsebier. 2007.
Moses, L. G. Wild West Shows and the images of American Indians, 1883-1933. 1999.
Warren, Louis S. Buffalo Bill’s America: William Cody and the Wild West Show. 2005.

Photo of “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West” in front of the Vatican.

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podcasticon#256 – The Wild West in the Vatican

#253 – Traveling With Angels

During his papacy, Pope John Paul II made several visits to the United States. Needless to say, getting everything ready for the Pope’s plane travel was a lot of work but as one TWA employed attested, “it was a labor of love.”

Links:
Photos of the air travel of Pope John Paul II on his visits to the United States
Personal accounts by TWA employees of their time with the Holy Father can be found here and here.
Photo of the exhibit at Strawberry Hill Museum including the Pope’s bed.

Photo of Pope John Paul II in front of plane by Ted Koston. Copyright Kosten Photography. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

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podcasticon#253 – Traveling With Angels

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