Category Archives: Early Church History

#295 – A History of the Catholic Church – Saint Paul

stpaul

As the young Christian Church begins to expand into the wider Roman world, it encounters a variety of beliefs and ideas such as Mystery Religions, Platonism and Stoicism. Into this world, will go Saint Paul – seen as the second founder of Christianity by some, a betrayer of the teachings of Jesus by others.

Links:

Image is Paul and Barnabas at Lystra by Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem

Map of missionary journeys of Apostles

Map of missionary travels of Saint Paul

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podcasticon#295 – A History of the Catholic Church – Saint Paul

#294 – A History of the Catholic Church – Martyrdom and Expansion

mapapostolicage

Increasing tensions between Jewish and Hellenist Followers of the Way will eventually lead to the martyrdom of Saint Stephen and the flight of the Hellenists into the wider Hellenistic regions of the Roman Empire. This spreading of the faith will bring with it significant changes in the structure and practice of the early Church as they begin to be called Christians and they begin to welcome Gentiles.

Links:

Reputed location of stoning of Saint Stephen

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podcasticon#294 – A History of the Catholic Church – Martyrdom and Expansion

#293 – A History of the Catholic Church – Eucharist in the Early Church

lastsupper

One of the most important rituals of the early Church was the celebration of Eucharist, a ritual with roots in Jewish tradition – but with significance differences under the influence of the theology of the first Christians. This episode will look at these Jewish roots and how Christians understood what Jesus had done both at the Last Supper and in his death and resurrection.

Links:

Photo – icon of Last Supper

Didache – Chapters 9, 10 and 14 concern the Eucharist.

For more information, see Maxwell Johnson’s book, The Rites of Christian Initiation

Wikipedia article on the Cenacle, where the Last Supper took place

Article and images of the Temple of Asclepion in Corinth – including body parts that may have inspired St. Paul

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podcasticon#293 – A History of the Catholic Church – Eucharist in the Early Church

Catholic locations recently declared World Heritage sites

image by Cybjorg~commonswiki

Bethany beyond the Jordan – believed to be the location of St. John the Baptist’s baptism of Jesus

image by Travis Witt

San Antonio Missions in Texas

Catholic sites in Sicily – including Cathedrals of Cefalù and Monreale

#292 – A History of the Catholic Church – Baptism in the Early Church

jordan

The Early Church believed that one could only become part of the Church Christ established through Baptism. While the roots of Christian baptism can be found in the acts of John the Baptist, in Christianity the theology of Baptism became something greater.

Links:

Photo of possible site of Jesus’ baptism by Producer

Image of Baptism by Immersion taken from 3rd century Catacombs of Saint Callisto
Image of Baptism by Affusion

Didache – Chapter 7 concerns baptism.

For more information, see Maxwell Johnson’s book, The Rites of Christian Initiation

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

To listen, just click on the link below:
podcasticon#291 – A History of the Catholic Church – Baptism in the Early Church

#291 – A History of the Catholic Church – Followers of the Way

cenacle

The Followers of the Way were united in their faith in the Risen Christ and the importance of Baptism and the Eucharist, but that won’t mean that the new leadership won’t have some problems.

Links:

Photo of the room of the Last Supper/the Cenacle by Marco Plasio

Wikipedia article on the Cenacle

Check out the other great Catholic podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

To listen, just click on the link below:
podcasticon#291 – A History of the Catholic Church – Followers of the Way

#283 – Te Deum

The Te Deum is one of the oldest and most important hymns of the Catholic Church. It has pride of place at the most important celebrations of the Church. Many composers have written their own versions of the hymn, including one composer whose Te Deum cost him his life.

Links:
The Te Deum in Latin and English
Te Deum in Latin chant
Part of Lully’s Te Deum
The Te Matrem Dei laudamus te can be found in Latin and English
The Enthronement of Metropolitan William Skurla

Sources:
Blackburn, Bonnie J. “‘Te Matrem Dei Laudamus:’ A Study in the Musical Veneration of Mary.” The Musical Quarterly 53, no. 1 (January 1, 1967): 53–76.
Julian, John. “Te Deum”. A Dictionary of Hymnology, Setting Forth the Origin and History of Christian Hymns of All Ages and Nations. New York: Dover Publications, 1957: 1119-1134.
Springer, Carl P.E. “Nicetas and the Authorship of the Te Deum”. Studia Patristica 33. (Leuven: Peeters Press, 1997): 325-331.

Image: Saint Ambrose baptizes Saint Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

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podcasticon#283 – Te Deum”

#267 – Sub Tuum Praesidium

The Sub Tuum Praesidium is the oldest prayer dedicated to the Mother of God we have. It is a prayer that continues to inspire the hearts of Christians today, just as it did over 1,750 years ago.

Links:
Extensive article on the Sub Tuum Praesidium
Another article on the Sub Tuum Praesidium can be found here
An article on the Rylands Parchment can be found here

Various versions of the Sub Tuum Praesidium in Greek [begins at 2:13], Latin, Russian [Bortnianskii], another Russian version, a version by Mozart

Sources:
Johnson, Maxwell E. “Sub Tuum Praesidium: The Theotokos in Christian Life and Worship before Ephesus”. In The Place of Christ in Liturgical Prayer: Christology, Trinity, Liturgical Theology. Eds. Bryan D. Spinks and Martin Jean. Liturgical Press, 2008. 243-267.
Mathewes-Green, Frederica. The Lost Gospel of Mary: The Mother of Jesus in Three Ancient Texts. Paraclete Press, 2007.

Image – the Rylands Parchment

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Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

To listen, just click on the link below:

podcasticon#267 – Sub Tuum Praesidium

#264 – Alexamenos Worships God

The graffito blasfemo graphically represents the type of persecution that Christians faced in the Roman Empire. Scandalous at the time it was made, it now stands as a powerful testimony to the Christian faith.

Links:
Article on the Alexamenos graffito
An interesting and informative talk on the image of the crucifixion in art

Sources:
Green, Bernard. Christianity in Ancient Rome: The First Three Centuries. New York: T & T Clark, 2010
Lampe, Peter. From Paul to Valentinus: Christians at Rome in the First Two Centuries. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003
Sheckler, Allyson Everingham. “The Crucifixion Conundrum and the Santa Sabina Doors”. Harvard Theological Review 103, no. 1 (2010): 67-88

A clearer image of the Alexamenos graffito and the Staurogram

Check out the other great podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

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podcasticon#264 – Alexamenos Worships God

#257 – Church and Empire

The incarnation of Christ greatly influenced our understanding of history. In turn, the development of history has greatly influenced our understanding of God’s activity in the world. Perhaps the clearest example of this was the relationship of Christianity and the Roman Empire.

Links:
Catholic audio lectures for the iPhone and Android

Sources:
Breisach, Ernst. Historiography: Ancient Medieval, and Modern. 2007.
Chestnut, Glenn F. The First Christian Histories: Eusebius, Socrates, Sozomen, Theodoret, and Evagrius. 1986.
Daly, Christopher T., ed. Augustine and History. 2007.

Photo “Stories of life and passion of Christ” by Gaudenzio Ferrari

CNMC – Catholic New Media Celebration

Check out the other great podcasts at the Starquest Production Network

Send e-mail questions and comments to catholicunderthehood@gmail.com

To listen, just click on the link below:

podcasticon#257 – Church and Empire

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