Pope Francis and his vist to Santa Maria Maggiore – The Hidden History

Ok, here is the picture that many of you have already seen:

Image

Here is Pope Francis praying before the tomb of Dominican Pope St. Pius V.  Above the tomb is a monument of Conventual Pope Sixtus V who is also buried in Santa Maria Maggiore.

Now, perhaps Pope Francis, a Jesuit who has taken the name of Francis of Assisi, is trying to offer some support to the Dominicans.

However, for us of the Third Order of Saint Francis, this could be a bit ominous.  Pope St. Pius V almost destroyed our order in 1568 when he issued the bull Ea est officii nostri – that took away our Minister General and placed us under the Minister General of the Friars Minor.  Pius V claimed that this was intended to reform us, but the Friars Minor forbade us to accept any more novices and without novices we would would die out.

Fortunately, Pope Sixtus V [that's his statue above the tomb of Pius V] restored our independence in 1586 with the Bull Romani Pontificis.  

So, needless to say, this is a place full of historical importance for the TOR Franciscans.  Indeed, at least one of our Order had a habit of visiting the tomb of Pope St. Pius V every year on his feast day and would stand before the tomb praying to St. Pius V in the words – “You owe us.” ;)

#288 – The Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism

The Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism – Xǔ Guāngqǐ, Lǐ Zhīzǎo, and Yáng Tíngyún worked with Jesuit missionaries such as Fr. Matteo Ricci, SJ to bring the knowledge of Western science and Catholic faith into China. However, for these Three Pillars, adoption of Christianity was not seen as something new – rather it was seen as a return to the Chinese traditions of the past.

Links for Xǔ Guāngqǐ:
Video of Xǔ Guāngqǐ’s Tomb
Video presentation on the relationship of Matteo Ricci and Xǔ Guāngqǐ
Video documentary on Xǔ Guāngqǐ – trailer, part 2/4 of the full documentary

Image of statue and painting of Xǔ Guāngqǐ
Image and statue of Matteo Ricci and Xǔ Guāngqǐ

Articles on Xǔ Guāngqǐ can be found here and here

Links for Lǐ Zhīzǎo:
Article on Lǐ Zhīzǎo can be found here
The map of the world made by Matteo Ricci, SJ and Lǐ Zhīzǎo

Links for Yáng Tíngyún
Article on Yáng Tíngyún can be found here

Sources:
Fontana, Michela. Matteo Ricci: A Jesuit in the Ming Court. Rowman & Littlefield, 2011.
Standaert, N. Yang Tingyun, Confucian and Christian in Late Ming China: His Life and Thought. BRILL, 1988.
Wang, Xiaochao. Christianity and Imperial Culture: Chinese Christian Apologetics in the Seventeenth Century
and Their Latin Patristic Equivalent
. Studies in Christian Mission v. 20. Leiden ; Boston: Brill, 1998.

Photo of Church built by Lǐ Zhīzǎo and Yáng Tíngyún

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#287 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part Two

Finally, in 1984, full diplomatic relations were established between the US and the Holy See, something that managed to bring Catholics and non-Catholics together – on both sides of the issue.

Links:
Website of the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See

Sources:
Bettwy, Samuel W. “United States-Vatican Recognition: Background and Issues.” Catholic Lawyer. 29. Summer 1984. 225-265
Essig, Andrew M. and Jennifer L. Moore. “U.S.-Holy See Diplomacy: The Establishment of Formal Relations, 1984″. The Catholic Historical Review. 95. #4. October 2009. 741-764.
Wood, Jr., James E. “Editorial – U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican.” Journal of Church and State. 26. #2. Spring 1984. 197-207.

Flag photo by Magnus Manske

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podcasticon#287 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part Two”

#286 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part One

From the very beginning of the history of the United States, the idea that the US should have establish diplomatic relations, and the nature of those relations, has aroused significant controversy.

Links:
Website of the Embassy of the United States to the Holy See

Sources:
Bettwy, Samuel W. “United States-Vatican Recognition: Background and Issues.” Catholic Lawyer. 29. Summer 1984. 225-265
Essig, Andrew M. and Jennifer L. Moore. “U.S.-Holy See Diplomacy: The Establishment of Formal Relations, 1984″. The Catholic Historical Review. 95. #4. October 2009. 741-764.
Wood, Jr., James E. “Editorial – U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican.” Journal of Church and State. 26. #2. Spring 1984. 197-207.

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podcasticon#286 – The Ambassador to the Vatican – Part One”

#285 – Our Lady of Pontmain

On 17 January 1871, a group of children in the small village of Pontmain claimed to have seen a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The reported apparition lasted for several hours, the effects of that apparition would last for much longer.

Links:
Official site of Our Lady of Pontmain
Vatican norms regarding Marian apparitions
Novena of Our Lady of Pontmain

Sources:
Porte, Cheryl A. Pontmain. Prophecy, and Protest: a Cultural-historical Study of a Nineteenth-century Apparition. American University Studies. Series VII, Theology and Religion 234. New York: Peter Lang, 2005.

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#284 – Lorenzo Valla and the Donation of Constantine

The Donation of Constantine served to justify Papal temporal authority over Western Europe for centuries, until Lorenzo Valla proved that it was a fraud. No one likes a revisionist historian.

Links:
Tomb of Lorenzo Valla
Valla’s refutation of the Donation of Constantine

Sources:
Blum, Paul Richard. Philosophers of the Renaissance
Blum, Paul Richard. Philosophy of Religion in the Renaissance. Ashgate Studies in the History of Philosophical Theology. Farnham, England ; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Pub. Ltd, 2010. CUA Press, 2010.
Celenza, Christopher S. The Lost Italian Renaissance: Humanists, Historians, and Latin’s Legacy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
Valla, Lorenzo, and Renaissance Society of America. The Treatise of Lorenzo Valla on the Donation of Constantine. Renaissance Society of America Reprint Texts 1. Toronto: University of Toronto Press in association with the Renaissance Society of America, 1993.

Image: Fresco of Donation of Constantine

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#283 – Te Deum

The Te Deum is one of the oldest and most important hymns of the Catholic Church. It has pride of place at the most important celebrations of the Church. Many composers have written their own versions of the hymn, including one composer whose Te Deum cost him his life.

Links:
The Te Deum in Latin and English
Te Deum in Latin chant
Part of Lully’s Te Deum
The Te Matrem Dei laudamus te can be found in Latin and English
The Enthronement of Metropolitan William Skurla

Sources:
Blackburn, Bonnie J. “‘Te Matrem Dei Laudamus:’ A Study in the Musical Veneration of Mary.” The Musical Quarterly 53, no. 1 (January 1, 1967): 53–76.
Julian, John. “Te Deum”. A Dictionary of Hymnology, Setting Forth the Origin and History of Christian Hymns of All Ages and Nations. New York: Dover Publications, 1957: 1119-1134.
Springer, Carl P.E. “Nicetas and the Authorship of the Te Deum”. Studia Patristica 33. (Leuven: Peeters Press, 1997): 325-331.

Image: Saint Ambrose baptizes Saint Augustine by Benozzo Gozzoli

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podcasticon#283 – Te Deum”

#282 – Wangari Maathai – “the Tree Woman”

Wangari Maathai, the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, saw in the teachings of her Catholic faith first a message to change her heart and then to change her country – and it all began with the planting of a single tree.

Links:
Website for The Green Belt Movement begun by Maathai
PBS profile on Maathai
Audio interview with Maathai
Information about Maathai and her connection to Mount St. Scholastica
Maathai’s Nobel lecture
Taking Root: The Vision of Wangari Maathai – a documentary film

Sources:
Maathai, Wangari, and Green Belt Movement. The Green Belt Movement: Sharing the Approach and the Experience. New York: Lantern Books, 2004.
Maathai, Wangari. Replenishing the Earth: Spiritual Values for Healing Ourselves and the World. New York: Doubleday, 2010.
Maathai, Wangari. Unbowed: A Memoir. New York: Anchor Books, 2007.

Image from Agência Brasil

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podcasticon#282 – Wangari Maathai – “The Tree Woman”

#281 – The Goliards

The Goliards enjoyed wine, women, song and complaining about the Catholic hierarchy. Their poems and pranks caused scandal and brought down upon them the wrath of the Church authorities.

Links:
The Confession of Golias
Other Goliardic poetry
Poems from the Carmina Burana
Youtube – Goliardic poem Meum est Propositum in Taberna Mori
Youtube – O Fortuna

Sources:
Primas, Hugh. Hugh Primas and the Archpoet. Cambridge Medieval Classics 2. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Symonds, John Addington. Wine, Women, and Song. New York: AMS Press, 1970.
Waddell, Helen. The Wandering Scholars. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1989.
Wicher, George F. The Goliard Poets: Medieval Latin Songs and Satires. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1979.

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podcasticon#281 – The Goliards

#280 – Father Theobald Mathew, Apostle of Temperance – Part Two

Father Theobald Mathew, OFM Cap., traveled to the United States in the hopes of spreading his Total Abstinence Society and raising funds for continuing his work in Ireland. He attracted enormous crowds and even met the president. However, he also found himself caught up in the maelstrom that was slavery.

Links:
Wikipedia page of Father Mathew with many images related to him
Website devoted to Father Mathew
Father Mathew’s influence in Canada

Sources:
Kerrigan, Colm. Father Mathew and the Irish Temperance Movement: 1838-1849. Cork, Ireland: Cork University Press, 1992.
Nelson, Katherine H. “Knights of Father Mathew.” Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: An International Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO, 2003: 350-351.
Quinn, John F. Father Mathew’s Crusade: Temperance in Nineteenth-Century Ireland and Irish America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.
Quinn, John F. “Father Mathew’s Disciples: American Catholic Support for Temperance, 1840-1920.” Church History 65, no. 4 (December 1, 1996): 624–640.
Townend, Paul A. Father Mathew, Temperance and Irish Identity. Dublin ; Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2002.

Image:
Father Mathew

Image of Father Mathew among other famous Irish
Image of Total Abstinence Society Medal
Australian Total Abstinence Society Medal
Medals of the Knights of Father Mathew
Images of the Catholic Total Abstinence Fountain

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podcasticon#280 – Father Theobald Mathew, Apostle of Temperance – Part Two

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